Definitions for genedʒin

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word gene

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

genedʒin(n.)

  1. the basic physical unit of heredity; a linear sequence of nucleotides along a segment of DNA that provides the coded instructions for synthesis of RNA, which, when translated into protein, leads to the expression of hereditary character.

    Category: Genetics

Origin of gene:

1911; < G Gen (1909), appar. independent use of -gen -gen ; introduced by Danish geneticist Wilhelm L. Johannsen (1857–1927)

Princeton's WordNet

  1. gene, cistron, factor(noun)

    (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity

    "genes were formerly called factors"

Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary

  1. gene(noun)ʒin

    an area on the DNA of a cell that carries information about the qualities or features sb inherits from their parents

    the gene for being left-handed; Do we learn bad behavior or is it in our genes?

Wiktionary

  1. gene(Noun)

    A unit of heredity; a segment of DNA or RNA that is transmitted from one generation to the next, and that carries genetic information such as the sequence of amino acids for a protein.

  2. Gene(ProperNoun)

    A diminutive of Eugene, also used as a formal male given name.

  3. Origin: From Gen, coined by Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen from

Freebase

  1. Gene

    A gene is a molecular unit of heredity of a living organism. It is widely accepted by the scientific community as a name given to some stretches of DNA and RNA that code for a polypeptide or for an RNA chain that has a function in the organism, though there still are controversies about what plays the role of the genetic material. Living beings depend on genes, as they specify all proteins and functional RNA chains. Genes hold the information to build and maintain an organism's cells and pass genetic traits to offspring. All organisms have many genes corresponding to various biological traits, some of which are immediately visible, such as eye color or number of limbs, and some of which are not, such as blood type, increased risk for specific diseases, or the thousands of basic biochemical processes that comprise life. A modern working definition of a gene is "a locatable region of genomic sequence, corresponding to a unit of inheritance, which is associated with regulatory regions, transcribed regions, and or other functional sequence regions ". Colloquial usage of the term gene may actually refer to an allele: a gene is the basic instruction—a sequence of nucleic acids, while an allele is one variant of that gene. Thus, when the mainstream press refers to "having" a "gene" for a specific trait, this is generally inaccurate. In most cases, all people would have a gene for the trait in question, but certain people will have a specific allele of that gene, which results in the trait variant. Further, genes code for proteins, which might result in identifiable traits, but it is the gene, not the trait, which is inherited.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'gene' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #4348

  2. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'gene' in Nouns Frequency: #1080


Translations for gene

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

gene(noun)

any of the basic elements of heredity, passed from parents to their offspring

If the children are red-haired, one of their parents must have a gene for red hair.

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