Definitions for geligniteˈdʒɛl ɪgˌnaɪt
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a high explosive consisting of a gelatinized mass of nitroglycerine with cellulose nitrate added.
Origin of gelignite:
gel (atin ) + L ign(is) fire + -ite1
a type of dynamite in which the nitroglycerin is absorbed in a base of wood pulp and sodium or potassium nitrate
An explosive mixture of nitroglycerine and nitrate absorbed onto a base of wood pulp.
Gelignite, also known as blasting gelatin or simply jelly, is an explosive material consisting of collodion-cotton dissolved in either nitroglycerine or nitroglycol and mixed with wood pulp and saltpetre. It was invented in 1875 by Alfred Nobel, who had earlier invented dynamite and was later to endow the Nobel Prizes. Unlike dynamite, gelignite does not suffer from the dangerous problem of sweating, the leaking of unstable nitroglycerine from the solid matrix. Its composition makes it easily moldable and safe to handle without protection, as long as it is not near anything capable of detonating it. One of the cheapest explosives, it burns slowly and cannot explode without a detonator, so it can be stored safely. In the United Kingdom an explosives certificate, issued by the local Chief Officer of Police, is required for possession of gelignite. Due to its widespread civilian use in quarries and mining, it has historically been often used by irregular forces such as the Irish Republican Army.
Translations for gelignite
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
The bandits blew up the bridge with gelignite.
- مادَّه مُتَفَجِّرَهArabic
- вид експлозивBulgarian
- gelignitePortuguese (BR)
- das GelatinedynamitGerman
- ζελινίτιδα (εκρηκτική ύλη)Greek
- ماده منفجرۀ ژلینیتFarsi
- विस्फोटक पदार्थ नाईट्रिक एसिड और ग्लिसरीन से बनाHindi
- želatinski dinamitCroatian
- bahan peledakIndonesian
- 젤리그나이트(화약의 일종)Korean
- rodzaj nitroglicerynyPolish
- ماده منفجرۀ ژلینیتPersian
- چاودېدونكى، اوراخيستونكى: چاودونكى: باروتPashto
- plastično razstrelivoSlovenian
- jelatinli dinamitTurkish
- 硝化甘油炸藥Chinese (Trad.)
- ایک آتشگیر مرکبUrdu
- chất nổVietnamese
- 一种含硝化甘油的炸药Chinese (Simp.)
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