Definitions for gamal abdel nasser
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Nasser, Gamal Abdel Nasser(noun)
Egyptian statesman who nationalized the Suez Canal (1918-1970)
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein was the second President of Egypt from 1956 until his death. As a colonel in the Egyptian Army, Nasser planned the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, which overthrew the monarchy of Farouk I. The participating officers governed through the Revolutionary Command Council, with Muhammad Naguib as president and Nasser as his deputy. In 1953 Nasser introduced far-reaching land reforms. In 1954, following an assassination attempt against him by the Muslim Brotherhood, Nasser ordered a crackdown against the organization and put Naguib under house arrest. Nasser subsequently assumed executive office and was nominated for the presidency, being inaugurated for the post in June 1956 after winning approval in a public referendum. As a result of his neutralist policies amid the Cold War, Nasser's relations with Western powers grew tense, leading to a withdrawal of funding for the planned Aswan Dam and Nasser's retaliatory move to nationalize the Suez Canal Company in 1956, a move welcomed by the Egyptian people. Consequently, the United Kingdom, France, and Israel invaded the Sinai and occupied the canal. After the tripartite forces withdrew from Egyptian territory amid international pressure, Nasser's political standing was significantly boosted. From then onward, Nasser's popularity in the region substantially grew and calls for pan-Arab unity under his leadership increased, culminating with the formation of the United Arab Republic. In 1962 Nasser began a series of major socialist measures in Egypt, among other modernization reforms, ranging from education, family law and the al-Azhar Mosque. Despite setbacks to his pan-Arabist cause, by 1963 Nasser's supporters gained power in Syria, Iraq, Algeria and North Yemen. He would later be embroiled in the latter's civil war. Nasser introduced a new constitution in November 1964, establishing universal health care and expanding women's rights, family planning programs and housing provisions. That year he also became head of the Non-Aligned Movement, an organization he co-founded. Nasser began his second presidential term in March 1965, the only candidate for the position with outside political opposition banned. Tensions between Israel and the Arab states led to the Six Day War of 1967, which ended with Israel's occupation of several Arab territories. Consequently, Nasser resigned, only to renege after popular demonstrations called for him to remain in office. In 1968 efforts were commenced to regain lost territory in what became known as the War of Attrition.
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