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The Gallican Church was the Catholic Church in France from the time of the Declaration of the Clergy of France to that of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy during the French Revolution. Gallicanism was the doctrine that the power of monarchs is independent of the power of popes, and that the church of each country should be under the joint control of the pope and the monarch. The opposite doctrine is known as Ultramontanism. Under the Declaration of the Clergy of France of 1682, the following privileges were claimed, but never accepted by the Holy See: ⁕Kings of France had the right to assemble church councils in their dominions. ⁕Kings of France had the right to make laws and regulations touching ecclesiastical matters. ⁕The pope required the king's consent to send papal legates into France. ⁕Those legates required the king's consent to exercise their power within France. ⁕Bishops, even when commanded by the pope, could not go out of the kingdom without the king's consent. ⁕Royal officers could not be excommunicated for any act performed in the discharge of their official duties. ⁕The pope could not authorize the alienation of landed church estates in France, or the diminishing of any foundations.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
the Catholic Church in France which, while sincerely devoted to the Catholic faith and the Holy See, resolutely refused to concede certain rights and privileges which belonged to it from the earliest times; it steadfastly contended that infallibility was vested not in the Pope alone, but in the entire episcopal body under him as its head; maintained the supreme authority of general councils and that of the holy canons in the government of the Church, and insisted that there was a distinction between the temporal and the spiritual power; contentions summed up in a declaration of the French clergy in 1682, the body of whom opposed to which are known by the name of "Ultramontanists."
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"gallican church." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 25 Nov. 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/gallican church>.