Definitions for gabionˈgeɪ bi ən
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
ga•bi•onˈgeɪ bi ən(n.)
a metal cylinder filled with stones and sunk in water, used in laying the foundations of a dam or jetty.
Category: Civil Engineering
Origin of gabion:
1570–80; < MF: basket < It gabbione, aug. of gabbia cage < L cavea
a cylindrical basket or cage of wicker which was filled with earth or stones and used in fortifications and other engineering work (a precursor to the sandbag).
a woven wire mesh unit, sometimes rectangular, made from a continuous mesh panel and filled with stones sometimes coated with polyvinyl chloride
a porous metal cylinder filled with stones and used in a variety of civil engineering contexts, especially in the construction of retaining walls, the reinforcing of steep slopes, or in the prevention of erosion in river banks
a knickknack, objet du2019art, curiosity, collectable
Origin: Originally from Latin cavea: cage, via the Italian gabbia with the augmenting suffix -one
a hollow cylinder of wickerwork, like a basket without a bottom. Gabions are made of various sizes, and filled with earth in building fieldworks to shelter men from an enemy's fire
an openwork frame, as of poles, filled with stones and sunk, to assist in forming a bar dyke, etc., as in harbor improvement