Definitions for fusobacterium

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  1. Fusobacterium

    Fusobacterium is a genus of anaerobic, Gram-negative bacteria, similar to Bacteroides. Individual cells are rod-shaped baccilli with pointed ends. Strains of Fusobacterium contribute to several human diseases, including periodontal diseases, Lemierre's syndrome, and topical skin ulcers. Although older resources have stated that Fusobacterium is a common occurrence in the human oropharynx, the current consensus is that Fusobacterium should always be treated as a pathogen. In 2011, researchers discovered that this bacteria flourishes in colon cancer cells, and is often also associated with ulcerative colitis, although researchers have not determined if the organism actually causes these diseases or if it simply flourishes in the environment these diseases create. In contrast to Bacteroides spp., Fusobacteria have a potent lipopolysaccharide. Clindamycin was the most active antibiotic against Fusobacterium species, followed by chloramphenicol, carbenicillin, and cefoperazone and then cefamandole.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Fusobacterium

    A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in cavities of humans and other animals. No endospores are formed. Some species are pathogenic and occur in various purulent or gangrenous infections.

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"fusobacterium." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 31 Jul 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/fusobacterium>.

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