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Fouquieria, genus Fouquieria(noun)
resinous succulent trees or shrubs of desert and semidesert regions of southwestern United States that are leafless most of the year
Fouquieria is a genus of 11 species of desert plants, the sole genus in the family Fouquieriaceae. The genus includes the ocotillo and the boojum tree or cirio. They have semi-succulent stems with thinner spikes projecting from them, with leaves on the bases spikes. They are unrelated to cacti and do not look much like them; their stems are proportionately thinner than cactus stems and their leaves are larger. These plants are native to northern Mexico and the bordering US states of Arizona, southern California, New Mexico, and parts of southwestern Texas, favoring low, arid hillsides. The Seri people identify three species of Fouquieria in their area of Mexico: jomjéeziz or xomjéeziz, jomjéeziz caacöl, and cototaj. The genus is named after French physician Pierre Fouquier. The spines of Fouquieria develop in an unusual way, from a woody thickening on the outer side of the leaf petiole, which remains after the leaf blade and most of the petiole separate and fall from the plant.
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