Definitions for fianarantsoafyəˌnɑr əntˈsoʊ ə, -ˈsu ə
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Random House Webster's College Dictionary
Fia•na•ran•tso•afyəˌnɑr əntˈsoʊ ə, -ˈsu ə(n.)
a city in E central Madagascar. 300,000.
Category: Geography (places)
Fianarantsoa is a city in south central Madagascar. Fianarantsoa is the capital of Haute Matsiatra Region. It was built in the early 19th century by the Merina as the administrative capital for the newly conquered Betsileo kingdoms. It is at an average altitude of 1,200 metres, and has a population of 144,225. Fianarantsoa means "Good education" in Malagasy. It is a cultural and intellectual center for the whole island. It is home to some of the oldest Protestant and Lutheran cathedrals on the island, the oldest theological seminary, as well as the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Fianarantsoa. The city of "good education" also boasts a university named after it and built in 1972. Fianarantsoa is considered to be the capital of wine in Madagascar, because of the presence of many wine industries in the city. Fianarantsoa has been known for its political activism and was one of the "hot spots" during the political crisis in 2002. Students of the University of Fianarantsoa have a reputation for sympathizing with radical leftist groups. The mayor of Fianarantsoa comes from the MFM political party whose colors are based on the anarcho-syndicalist flag.
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