fakir, fakeer, faqir, faquir(noun)
a Muslim or Hindu mendicant monk who is regarded as a holy man
an ascetic mendicant, especially one who performs feats of endurance or apparent magic
Origin: From فقير ("poor man").
an Oriental religious ascetic or begging monk
Origin: [Prob. confused with Fakir an oriental ascetic.]
The fakir, or faqir, derived from faqr, is a Muslim Sufi ascetic in the Middle East and South Asia. The Faqirs were wandering Dervishes teaching Islam and living on alms. The term has become a common Urdu, Bengali, and Hindi byword for "beggar". The term has also been used to refer to Hindu and Buddhist ascetics. These broader idiomatic usages developed primarily in the Mughal era in India. Calanus, a Hindu Naga sadhu of the 4th Century B.C., is often called a fakir by historians. There is also a distinct caste of fakirs found in North India, descended from communities of fakirs who took up residence at Sufi shrines.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
fa-kēr′, or fā′kėr, n. a member of a religious order of mendicants or penitents in India, &c.—n. Fakir′ism, religious mendicancy. [Ar. faqîr, a poor man, fakr, faqr, poverty.]
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a member of an order of monkish mendicants in India and adjoining countries who, from presumed religious motives, practise or affect lives of severe self-mortification, but who in many cases cultivate filthiness of person to a disgusting degree.
The numerical value of fakir in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of fakir in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9
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Translations for fakir
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- فَقير, درويشArabic
- 苦行僧, 托鉢僧Japanese
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