Definitions for faiencefaɪˈɑns, -ˈɑ̃s, feɪ-
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word faience
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
fa•iencefaɪˈɑns, -ˈɑ̃s, feɪ-(n.)
glazed earthenware or pottery, esp. a fine variety with highly colored designs.
Origin of faience:
1705–15; < F, orig. pottery of Faenza, city in N Italy
glazed earthenware decorated with opaque colors
A type of tin-glazed earthenware ceramic.
Origin: From faïence, named after the city Faenza in Italy, where it was made in the 16th century.
glazed earthenware; esp., that which is decorated in color
Faience or faïence is the conventional name in English for fine tin-glazed pottery on a delicate pale buff earthenware body, originally associated with Faenza in northern Italy. The invention of a white pottery glaze suitable for painted decoration, by the addition of an oxide of tin to the slip of a lead glaze, was a major advance in the history of pottery. The invention seems to have been made in Iran or the Middle East before the ninth century. A kiln capable of producing temperatures exceeding 1,000 °C was required to achieve this result, the result of millennia of refined pottery-making traditions. The term is now used for a wide variety of pottery from several parts of the world, including many types of European painted wares, often produced as cheaper versions of porcelain styles. Technically, lead-glazed earthenware, such as the French sixteenth-century Saint-Porchaire ware, does not properly qualify as faience, but the distinction is not usually maintained.
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