Definitions for factor of safety
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word factor of safety
safety factor, factor of safety(noun)
the ratio of the breaking stress of a structure to the estimated maximum stress in ordinary use
Factor of safety
Factor of safety, also known as safety factor, is a term describing the structural capacity of a system beyond the expected loads or actual loads. Essentially, how much stronger the system is than it usually needs to be for an intended load. Safety factors are often calculated using detailed analysis because comprehensive testing is impractical on many projects, such as bridges and buildings, but the structure's ability to carry load must be determined to a reasonable accuracy. Many systems are purposefully built much stronger than needed for normal usage to allow for emergency situations, unexpected loads, misuse, or degradation.
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"factor of safety." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/factor of safety>.