Definitions for etruscanɪˈtrʌs kən
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word etruscan
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a member of a people inhabiting ancient Etruria, whose civilization flourished c700–400 b.c. : subsequently dominated and absorbed by the Romans.
Category: Peoples, Ancient History
the extinct language of the Etruscans.
(adj.)of or pertaining to Etruria, the Etruscans, or their language.
Ref: Abbr.: Etr.
Origin of Etruscan:
1700–10; < L Etrusc(us) of Etruria + -an1
a native or inhabitant of ancient Etruria; the Etruscans influenced the Romans (who had suppressed them by about 200 BC)
An inhabitant of ancient Etruria.
Of or pertaining to the region and culture of Etruria, a pre-Roman civilization in Italy.
The extinct language of Etruria, which has no known relation to any other language.
of or relating to Etruria
a native or inhabitant of Etruria
The Etruscan language was the spoken and written language of the Etruscan civilization, in Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria and in parts of Lombardy, Veneto, and Emilia-Romagna. Etruscan influenced Latin, but was eventually completely superseded by it. Although it left only a few significant documents, and a few dozen loanwords, such as the name Roma, its influence was significant. Attested from 700 BC to 50 AD, the language has historically been referred to as an isolate, but consensus now holds it is one of the Tyrsenian languages, along with the Raetic language of the Alps and the Lemnian language of the Aegean island of Lemnos. Lacking large corpora or extended texts, more distant relations of that family are unclear. A connection to the Anatolian languages, or, at a further remove, to Proto-Indo-European has been suggested, while Russian scholars have suggested a link to the highly speculative Dené–Caucasian macrophylum, which itself is not widely credited. Grammatically, the language is agglutinating, with nouns and verbs showing suffixed inflectional endings and ablaut in some cases. Nouns show four cases; singular and plural numbers, and masculine and feminine genders. Phonologically, Etruscan appears uncomplicated, with a four-vowel system and an apparent contrast between aspirated and unaspirated stops. The language shows phonetic change over time, with the loss and then re-establishment of word-internal vowels due to the effect of Etruscan's strong word-initial stress.
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