Definitions for essoin
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word essoin
alt. of Essoign
to excuse for nonappearance in court
In old English law, an essoin is an excuse for nonappearance in court. Essoining is the seeking of the same. The person sent to deliver the excuse to the court is an essoiner or essoineur. There were several kinds of essoins in common law in the Middle Ages: ⁕An essoin de malo lecti, the "excuse of the bed of sickness", was an excuse that the person was too ill to get out of bed, and was generally only invoked in civil actions involving real property. This required that the invoker be observed in bed by a commission of four knights. ⁕An essoin de ultra mare, the "excuse of being overseas", was an excuse that the person was abroad. The only resultant delay to litigation permissible for this excuse was enough time for word to be sent to the person and for them to return to England, and the excuse could only be invoked once, at the start of litigation. ⁕An essoin de servico regis, the "excuse of the King's service", was the excuse that the person concerned was in the King's service at the time and thus unavailable. It required the production of the King's writ of service for proof. By the Statute of Essoins 1318, women could not make this excuse.
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