Definitions for effluentˈɛf lu ənt
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word effluent
effluent, wastewater, sewer water(adj)
water mixed with waste matter
that is flowing outward
A stream that flows out, such as from a lake or reservoir; an outflow; effluence.
Sewage water that has been (partially) treated, and is released into a natural body of water; a flow of any liquid waste.
Flowing out; outflowing.
flowing out; as, effluent beams
a stream that flows out of another stream or lake
Origin: [L. effluens, -entis, p. pr. of effluere to flow out; ex + fluere to flow: cf. F. effluent. See Fluent.]
Effluent is an outflowing of water or gas from a natural body of water, or from a human-made structure. Effluent, in engineering, is the stream exiting a chemical reactor. Effluent is defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as “wastewater - treated or untreated - that flows out of a treatment plant, sewer, or industrial outfall. Generally refers to wastes discharged into surface waters”. The Compact Oxford English Dictionary defines effluent as “liquid waste or sewage discharged into a river or the sea”. Effluent in the artificial sense is in general considered to be water pollution, such as the outflow from a sewage treatment facility or the wastewater discharge from industrial facilities. An effluent sump pump, for instance, pumps waste from toilets installed below a main sewage line. In the context of waste water treatment plants, effluent that has been treated is sometimes called secondary effluent, or treated effluent. This cleaner effluent is then used to feed the bacteria in biofilters. In the context of a thermal power station, the output of the cooling system may be referred to as the effluent cooling water, which is noticeably warmer than the environment. Effluent only refers to liquid discharge.
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