Definitions for ecocideˈɛk əˌsaɪd, ˈi kə-
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word ecocide
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
ec•o•cideˈɛk əˌsaɪd, ˈi kə-(n.)
the destruction of large areas of the environment by such activity as overexploitation of resources or dumping of toxic chemicals.
Origin of ecocide:
The complete destruction of an ecosystem due to human activities. It may result from exploitation of resources, nuclear warfare or the dumping of harmful chemicals.
The neologism ecocide can be used to refer to any extensive destruction of the natural environment and disruption or loss of ecosystem of a given territory to such an extent that the survival of the inhabitants of that territory is endangered. Ecocide can be irreversible when an ecosystem suffers beyond self healing. It is generally associated with damage caused by a living agent whether directly or indirectly. An organism might inflict ecocide directly by killing enough species in an ecosystem to disrupt its structure and function. Ecocide can also result from pollution such as the introduction of high concentrations of pesticides which destroy the local flora extensively. One of the first uses of ecocide was in relation to environmental damage during the War in Vietnam in which there was prevalent use of defoliants. A weaker definition of ecocide is that in which an organism destroys ecosystems other than its own.. For example, it could be said that during the Precambrian era, blue-green algae committed ecocide upon the prevailing reducing-chemistry-based ecology, by releasing oxygen into the environment. Organisms to which oxygen was a poison died off, while the algae and other organisms adapted to and created a new oxidation-chemistry-based ecology.
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