Definitions for echelonˈɛʃ əˌlɒn
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a level of command, authority, or rank.
a stepped formation, as of troops, ships, or planes, in which individuals or elements are arranged in parallel lines, each to the right or left of the one in front.
one of the groups of a formation so arranged.
(v.i.)to form in an echelon.
Origin of echelon:
1790–1800; < F échelon, orig. rung of a ladder, OF eschelon ladder
a body of troops arranged in a line
a diffraction grating consisting of a pile of plates of equal thickness arranged stepwise with a constant offset
A level or rank in an organization, profession, or society.
A formation of troops, ships, etc. in diagonal parallel rows.
To form troops into an echelon.
an international SIGINT network to monitor and gather intelligence from satellite trunk communications
Origin: échelon, from échelle 'ladder'.
an arrangement of a body of troops when its divisions are drawn up in parallel lines each to the right or the left of the one in advance of it, like the steps of a ladder in position for climbing. Also used adjectively; as, echelon distance
an arrangement of a fleet in a wedge or V formation
to place in echelon; to station divisions of troops in echelon
to take position in echelon
ECHELON is a name used in global media and in popular culture to describe a signals intelligence collection and analysis network operated on behalf of the five signatory states to the UKUSA Security Agreement. It has also been described as the only software system which controls the download and dissemination of the intercept of commercial satellite trunk communications. ECHELON, according to information in the European Parliament document, "On the existence of a global system for the interception of private and commercial communications" was created to monitor the military and diplomatic communications of the Soviet Union and its Eastern Bloc allies during the Cold War in the early 1960s. The system has been reported in a number of public sources. Its capabilities and political implications were investigated by a committee of the European Parliament during 2000 and 2001 with a report published in 2001, and by author James Bamford in his books on the National Security Agency of the United States. The European Parliament stated in its report that the term ECHELON is used in a number of contexts, but that the evidence presented indicates that it was the name for a signals intelligence collection system. The report concludes that, on the basis of information presented, ECHELON was capable of interception and content inspection of telephone calls, fax, e-mail and other data traffic globally through the interception of communication bearers including satellite transmission, public switched telephone networks and microwave links.
Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms
1. A subdivision of a headquarters, i.e., forward echelon, rear echelon. 2. Separate level of command. As compared to a regiment, a division is a higher echelon, a battalion is a lower echelon. 3. A fraction of a command in the direction of depth to which a principal combat mission is assigned; i.e., attack echelon, support echelon, reserve echelon. 4. A formation in which its subdivisions are placed one behind another, with a lateral and even spacing to the same side.
Echelon Corporation develops, markets, and sells system and network infrastructure products. In the building, home, industrial, transportation and other automation markets, the Company sells a line of control networking products to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). OEMs design in, or embed the Company’s products into their products and systems. The Company’s line of LonWorks Infrastructure (LWI) network infrastructure products include transceivers, control modules, routers, network interfaces, development tools, and software tools and toolkits. For system integrators serving the street lighting, remote facility monitoring, and energy management markets, it has developed the i.LON SmartServer family of energy management products. For the electric utility industry, the Company has have developed a grid infrastructure system, the Networked Energy Services (NES) system. The NES system provides a two-way information and control path between the utility and its customer.
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