Definitions for earthquakeˈɜrθˌkweɪk
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a series of vibrations induced in the earth's crust by the abrupt rupture and rebound of rocks in which elastic strain has been slowly accumulating.
something that is severely disruptive; upheaval.
Origin of earthquake:
earthquake, quake, temblor, seism(noun)
shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity
a disturbance that is extremely disruptive
"selling the company caused an earthquake among the employees"
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
a violent movement of the earth
the San Francisco earthquake of 1906
A shaking of the ground, caused by volcanic activity or movement around geologic faults.
Origin: ertheqwake, corresponding to .
a shaking, trembling, or concussion of the earth, due to subterranean causes, often accompanied by a rumbling noise. The wave of shock sometimes traverses half a hemisphere, destroying cities and many thousand lives; -- called also earthdin, earthquave, and earthshock
like, or characteristic of, an earthquake; loud; starling
An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. The seismicity, seismism or seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency, type and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time. Earthquakes are measured using observations from seismometers. The moment magnitude is the most common scale on which earthquakes larger than approximately 5 are reported for the entire globe. The more numerous earthquakes smaller than magnitude 5 reported by national seismological observatories are measured mostly on the local magnitude scale, also referred to as the Richter scale. These two scales are numerically similar over their range of validity. Magnitude 3 or lower earthquakes are mostly almost imperceptible or weak and magnitude 7 and over potentially cause serious damage over larger areas, depending on their depth. The largest earthquakes in historic times have been of magnitude slightly over 9, although there is no limit to the possible magnitude. The most recent large earthquake of magnitude 9.0 or larger was a 9.0 magnitude earthquake in Japan in 2011, and it was the largest Japanese earthquake since records began. Intensity of shaking is measured on the modified Mercalli scale. The shallower an earthquake, the more damage to structures it causes, all else being equal.
Translations for earthquake
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a shaking of the earth's surface
The village was destroyed by an earthquake.
- terremotoPortuguese (BR)
- das ErdbebenGerman
- زمین لرزه؛ زلزلهFarsi
- tremblement de terreFrench
- רְעִידַת אֲדָמָהHebrew
- gempa bumiIndonesian
- žemės drebėjimasLithuanian
- gempa bumiMalay
- trzęsienie ziemiPolish
- زمین لرزه؛ زلزلهPersian
- tremor de terraPortuguese
- 地震Chinese (Trad.)
- động đấtVietnamese
- 地震Chinese (Simp.)
Get even more translations for earthquake »
Find a translation for the earthquake definition in other languages:
Select another language: