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Russell, Bertrand Russell, Bertrand Arthur William Russell, Earl Russell(noun)
English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)
Earl Russell, of Kingston Russell in the County of Dorset, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 30 July 1861 for the prominent Liberal politician Lord John Russell. He was Home Secretary from 1835 to 1839, Foreign Secretary from 1852 to 1853 and 1859 to 1865 and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1846 to 1852 and 1865 to 1866. At the same time he was given the earldom Russell was made Viscount Amberley, of Amberley in the County of Gloucester and of Ardsalla in the County of Meath. A member of the prominent Russell family, he was the third son of John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford. As descendants of the sixth Duke of Bedford Earls Russell are also in remainder to this peerage and its subsidiary titles. The eldest son of an earl, the heir apparent to the earldom, normally bears the junior title, Viscount Amberley in this case, as a courtesy title. The eldest son of the first Earl, John Russell, Viscount Amberley, died before his father and so never inherited the earldom, and when "Viscount Amberley" is used without further qualification it is often in reference to him. John Russell was succeeded by his grandson Frank Russell, 2nd Earl Russell. He was the eldest son of John Russell, Viscount Amberley. This Earl Russell was one of the first peers to join the Labour Party and he held office under Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald as Under-Secretary of State for India from 1929 to 1931. He was childless and was succeeded in 1931 by his younger brother, the third Earl, the famous philosopher and Nobel Prize winner universally known as Bertrand Russell. When he died in 1970 his eldest son, John Russell, 4th Earl Russell held the title until his half-brother, Conrad Russell, 5th Earl Russell inherited it in 1987. He was a noted historian of 17th century England. Russell also sat on the Liberal Democrat benches in the House of Lords and was one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that were allowed to remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999. As of 2010 the titles of Earl Russell and Viscount Amberley are held by his eldest son, Nicholas, the sixth Earl, who succeeded in 2004.
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"earl russell." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 28 Nov. 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/earl russell>.