Definitions for earlɜrl
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word earl
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a British nobleman of a rank below that of marquis and above that of viscount: called a count for a time after the Norman Conquest. The wife of an earl is a countess.
Category: Western History
Origin of earl:
bef. 900; ME erl, OE eorl; c. OS, OHG erl man, ON jarl chieftain
a British peer ranking below a marquess and above a viscount
A British nobleman next in rank above a viscount and below a marquess; equivalent to a European count. A female using the style is termed a countess.
The title of an earl.
from the English noun earl.
for service in the household of an earl, or from a nickname.
Origin: erl, from eorl, from irilaz, arilaz (compare jarl, Old Saxon/ erl), from erōnan, arōnan (compare jara 'fight, battle'), from h₁er- (compare orior 'to rise, get up', órnēmi 'to urge, incite', ərənaoiti 'to move', ṛṇóti 'to arise, reach, move, attack').
a nobleman of England ranking below a marquis, and above a viscount. The rank of an earl corresponds to that of a count (comte) in France, and graf in Germany. Hence the wife of an earl is still called countess. See Count
An earl is a member of the nobility. The title is Anglo-Saxon, akin to the Scandinavian form jarl, and meant "chieftain", particularly a chieftain set to rule a territory in a king's stead. In Scandinavia, it became obsolete in the Middle Ages and was replaced with duke. In later medieval Britain, it became the equivalent of the continental count. However, earlier in Scandinavia jarl could also mean sovereign prince. For example, the rulers of several of the petty kingdoms of Norway had in fact the title of jarl and in many cases of no lesser power than their neighbours who had the title of king. Alternative names for the "Earl/Count" rank in the nobility structure are used in other countries, such as Hakushaku during the Japanese Imperial era. In modern Britain, an earl is a member of the peerage, ranking below a marquess and above viscount. There never developed a feminine form of earl; countess is used as the equivalent feminine title.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a title of nobility, ranking third in the British peerage; originally election to the dignity of earl carried with it a grant of land held in feudal tenure, the discharge of judicial and administrative duties connected therewith, and was the occasion of a solemn service of investiture. In course of time the title lost its official character, and since the reign of Queen Anne all ceremony of investiture has been dispensed with, the title being conferred by letters-patent. The word is derived from the Anglo-Saxon eorls which signified the "gentle folk," as distinguished from the ceorls, the "churls" or "simple folk."
The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz
A title of nobility. EARLY A title of stupidity. See old saw, "Early to bed and early to rise, Makes a man a farmer!"
Translations for earl
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a British nobleman between a marquis and a viscount in rank.
- إيرل: لَقَب شَرَف إنجليزيArabic
- barãoPortuguese (BR)
- der GrafGerman
- earl; jarlDanish
- इंगलैंड के सामन्तों की विशिष्ट पदवीHindi
- gelar bangsawanIndonesian
- bangsawan inggerisMalay
- (پرټ) يواشرافى چه رتبه يې له مار كيس څخه ټيټه، وىPashto
- 伯爵Chinese (Trad.)
- برطانوی رئیس جس کا درجہ مارکوئس اور وائی کاؤنٹ کے درمیان ہےUrdu
- bá tướcVietnamese
- 伯爵Chinese (Simp.)
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