Definitions for earlɜrl
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word earl
a British peer ranking below a marquess and above a viscount
A British nobleman next in rank above a viscount and below a marquess; equivalent to a European count. A female using the style is termed a countess.
The title of an earl.
from the English noun earl.
for service in the household of an earl, or from a nickname.
Origin: erl, from eorl, from irilaz, arilaz (compare jarl, Old Saxon/ erl), from erōnan, arōnan (compare jara 'fight, battle'), from h₁er- (compare orior 'to rise, get up', órnēmi 'to urge, incite', ərənaoiti 'to move', ṛṇóti 'to arise, reach, move, attack').
a nobleman of England ranking below a marquis, and above a viscount. The rank of an earl corresponds to that of a count (comte) in France, and graf in Germany. Hence the wife of an earl is still called countess. See Count
Origin: [OE. eorl, erl, AS. eorl man, noble; akin to OS. erl boy, man, Icel. jarl nobleman, count, and possibly to Gr. male, Zend arshan man. Cf. Jarl.]
An earl is a member of the nobility. The title is Anglo-Saxon, akin to the Scandinavian form jarl, and meant "chieftain", particularly a chieftain set to rule a territory in a king's stead. In Scandinavia, it became obsolete in the Middle Ages and was replaced with duke. In later medieval Britain, it became the equivalent of the continental count. However, earlier in Scandinavia jarl could also mean sovereign prince. For example, the rulers of several of the petty kingdoms of Norway had in fact the title of jarl and in many cases of no lesser power than their neighbours who had the title of king. Alternative names for the "Earl/Count" rank in the nobility structure are used in other countries, such as Hakushaku during the Japanese Imperial era. In modern Britain, an earl is a member of the peerage, ranking below a marquess and above viscount. There never developed a feminine form of earl; countess is used as the equivalent feminine title.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a title of nobility, ranking third in the British peerage; originally election to the dignity of earl carried with it a grant of land held in feudal tenure, the discharge of judicial and administrative duties connected therewith, and was the occasion of a solemn service of investiture. In course of time the title lost its official character, and since the reign of Queen Anne all ceremony of investiture has been dispensed with, the title being conferred by letters-patent. The word is derived from the Anglo-Saxon eorls which signified the "gentle folk," as distinguished from the ceorls, the "churls" or "simple folk."
The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz
A title of nobility. EARLY A title of stupidity. See old saw, "Early to bed and early to rise, Makes a man a farmer!"
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'earl' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #4013
Rank popularity for the word 'earl' in Nouns Frequency: #1608
Translations for earl
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- jarl, greveDanish
- iarlaScottish Gaelic
- гроф, ерлMacedonian
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