Definitions for dystoniadɪsˈtoʊ ni ə
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word dystonia
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
dys•to•ni•adɪsˈtoʊ ni ə(n.)
a neurological disorder marked by strong involuntary muscle spasms that cause painful and disabling twisting of the body.
Origin of dystonia:
A disabling neurological disorder in which prolonged and repetitive contractions of muscles cause jerking, twisting movements and abnormal postures of the body
Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder, in which sustained muscle contractions cause twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures. The disorder may be hereditary or caused by other factors such as birth-related or other physical trauma, infection, poisoning or reaction to pharmaceutical drugs, particularly neuroleptics. Treatment is difficult and has been limited to minimizing the symptoms of the disorder, since there is no cure available.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
An attitude or posture due to the co-contraction of agonists and antagonist muscles in one region of the body. It most often affects the large axial muscles of the trunk and limb girdles. Conditions which feature persistent or recurrent episodes of dystonia as a primary manifestation of disease are referred to as DYSTONIC DISORDERS. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p77)
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