Definitions for dyslexiadɪsˈlɛk si ə
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word dyslexia
impaired ability to learn to read
Any of various reading disorders caused by a damaged or congenitally faulty structure within the central nervous system, and causing an impairment of the ability to interpret spatial relationships or to integrate auditory and visual information. A common example is when letter sequences are interpreted as inverted in order, as in bat/tab. RHUD
A learning disability in which a person finds it difficult to read and write.
Origin: Circa 1890, from dys- + lexia, from expressing the idea of difficulty, and .
Dyslexia is characterized by difficulty in learning to read fluently and with inaccurate comprehension despite normal intelligence. This includes difficulty with phonological awareness, phonological decoding, processing speed, orthographic coding, auditory short-term memory, language skills/verbal comprehension, and/or rapid naming. Developmental reading disorder, or dyslexia, is the most common learning disability. Adult dyslexics can read with good comprehension, although they tend to read more slowly than non-dyslexics and perform more poorly at spelling and nonsense word reading, a measure of phonological awareness. Some see dyslexia as distinct from reading difficulties resulting from other causes, such as a non-neurological deficiency with vision or hearing, or from poor or inadequate reading instruction. There are three proposed cognitive subtypes of dyslexia, although individual cases of dyslexia are better explained by specific underlying neuropsychological deficits and co-occurring learning disabilities. Although it is considered to be a receptive language-based learning disability in the research literature, dyslexia also affects one's expressive language skills. Researchers at MIT found that people with dyslexia exhibited impaired voice-recognition abilities. It is believed the prevalence of dyslexia is around 5-10 percent of a given population although there have been no studies to indicate an accurate percentage.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)
Translations for dyslexia
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- عسر القراءةArabic
- dislèxiaCatalan, Valencian
- Legasthenie, DyslexieGerman
- vaeglugemine, düsleksiaEstonian
- lukihäiriö, lukivaikeusFinnish
- doille-fhaclanScottish Gaelic
- 失読症, ディスレクシアJapanese
- дислексија, disleksijaSerbo-Croatian
- dyslexi, ordblindhetSwedish
- chứng khó đọcVietnamese
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