Definitions for dictumˈdɪk təm
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word dictum
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
dic•tumˈdɪk təm(n.)(pl.)-ta; -tums.
an authoritative pronouncement; judicial assertion.
a saying; maxim.
Ref: obiter dictum.
Origin of dictum:
1660–70; < L: a saying, command, word; cf. index
pronouncement, dictum, say-so(noun)
an authoritative declaration
obiter dictum, dictum(noun)
an opinion voiced by a judge on a point of law not directly bearing on the case in question and therefore not binding
An authoritative statement; a dogmatic saying; a maxim, an apothegm.
A judicial opinion expressed by judges on points that do not necessarily arise in the case, and are not involved in it.
The report of a judgment made by one of the judges who has given it.
An arbitrament or award.
Origin: From dictum.
an authoritative statement; a dogmatic saying; an apothegm
a judicial opinion expressed by judges on points that do not necessarily arise in the case, and are not involved in it
the report of a judgment made by one of the judges who has given it
an arbitrament or award
In United States legal terminology, a dictum is a statement of opinion or belief considered authoritative though not binding, because of the authority of the person making it. There are multiple subtypes of dicta, although due to their overlapping nature, legal practitioners in the U.S. colloquially use dicta to refer to any statement by a court that extends beyond the issue before the court. Dicta in this sense are not binding under the principle of stare decisis, but tend to have a strong persuasive effect, either by being in an authoritative decision, stated by an authoritative judge, or both. These subtypes include: ⁕dictum proprium: A personal or individual dictum that is given by the judge who delivers an opinion but that is not necessarily concurred in by the whole court and is not essential to the disposition. ⁕gratis dictum: an assertion that a person makes without being obligated to do so, or also a court's discussion of points or questions not raised by the record or its suggestion of rules not applicable in the case at bar. ⁕judicial dictum: an opinion by a court on a question that is directly involved, briefed, and argued by counsel, and even passed on by the court, but that is not essential to the decision.
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