Definitions for detergentdɪˈtɜr dʒənt
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word detergent
a surface-active chemical widely used in industry and laundering
a cleansing agent that differs from soap but can also emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension
having cleansing power
Any non-soap cleaning agent, especially a synthetic surfactant.
Having the power to clean.
a substance which cleanses the skin, as water or soap; a medicine to cleanse wounds, ulcers, etc
Origin: [L. detergens, -entis, p. pr. of detergere: cf. F. dtergent.]
A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with "cleaning properties in dilute solutions." These substances are usually alkylbenzenesulfonates, a family of compounds that are similar to soap but are more soluble in hard water, because the polar sulfonate is less likely than the polar carboxyl to bind to calcium and other ions found in hard water. In most household contexts, the term detergent by itself refers specifically to laundry detergent or dish detergent, as opposed to hand soap or other types of cleaning agents. Detergents are commonly available as powders or concentrated solutions. Detergents, like soaps, work because they are amphiphilic: partly hydrophilic and partly hydrophobic. Their dual nature facilitates the mixture of hydrophobic compounds with water. Because air is not hydrophilic, detergents are also foaming agents to varying degrees.
Translations for detergent
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- препарат за почистванеBulgarian
- απορρυπαντικός, καθαριστικός, απορρυπαντικόGreek
- puhdistusaine, pesuaine, puhdistavaFinnish
- détersif, détergent, détergente, détersiveFrench
- reinigingsmiddel, wasmiddelDutch
- детергент, моющее средствоRussian
- deterjan, arıtıcıTurkish
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