Definitions for deinstitutionalization
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word deinstitutionalization
the process of abolishing a practice that has been considered a norm
The government began the deinstitutionalization of background checks for certain Federal jobs.
the process of releasing a person from a facility where their freedom to leave has been restrained
The deinstitutionalization of minor offenders helps reduce prison overcrowding.
the process of reducing a person's dependence on an institutional environment
After thirty years in the asylum, deinstitutionalization would present many problems.
Origin: Derived from institutionalize.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The practice of caring for individuals in the community, rather than in an institutional environment with resultant effects on the individual, the individual's family, the community, and the health care system.
Deinstitutionalisation is the process of replacing long-stay psychiatric hospitals with less isolated community mental health services for those diagnosed with a mental disorder or developmental disability. Deinstitutionalisation works in two ways: the first focuses on reducing the population size of mental institutions by releasing patients, shortening stays, and reducing both admissions and readmission rates; the second focuses on reforming mental hospitals' institutional processes so as to reduce or eliminate reinforcement of dependency, hopelessness, learned helplessness, and other maladaptive behaviours. According to psychiatrist Leon Eisenberg, deinstitutionalisation has been an overall benefit for most psychiatric patients, though many have been left homeless and without care. The deinstitutionalisation movement was initiated by three factors: A socio-political movement for community mental health services and open hospitals; The advent of psychotropic drugs able to manage psychotic episodes; A ﬁnancial imperative to shift costs from state to federal budgets.
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"deinstitutionalization." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 5 Mar. 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/deinstitutionalization>.