Definitions for deinstitutionalization

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word deinstitutionalization

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

de•in•sti•tu•tion•al•izediˌɪn stɪˈtu ʃə nlˌaɪz, -ˈtyu-, ˌdi ɪn-(v.)-ized, -iz•ing.

  1. (v.t.)to release (a mental patient, disabled person, etc.) from institutionalized care and treat or support with community resources.

    Category: Common Vocabulary

  2. to free from the complexity of a bureaucracy.

    Category: Common Vocabulary

Origin of deinstitutionalize:

1960–65

de•in`sti•tu`tion•al•i•za′tion(n.)

Wiktionary

  1. deinstitutionalization(Noun)

    the process of abolishing a practice that has been considered a norm

    The government began the deinstitutionalization of background checks for certain Federal jobs.

  2. deinstitutionalization(Noun)

    the process of releasing a person from a facility where their freedom to leave has been restrained

    The deinstitutionalization of minor offenders helps reduce prison overcrowding.

  3. deinstitutionalization(Noun)

    the process of reducing a person's dependence on an institutional environment

    After thirty years in the asylum, deinstitutionalization would present many problems.

  4. Origin: Derived from institutionalize.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Deinstitutionalization

    The practice of caring for individuals in the community, rather than in an institutional environment with resultant effects on the individual, the individual's family, the community, and the health care system.

Freebase

  1. Deinstitutionalisation

    Deinstitutionalisation is the process of replacing long-stay psychiatric hospitals with less isolated community mental health services for those diagnosed with a mental disorder or developmental disability. Deinstitutionalisation works in two ways: the first focuses on reducing the population size of mental institutions by releasing patients, shortening stays, and reducing both admissions and readmission rates; the second focuses on reforming mental hospitals' institutional processes so as to reduce or eliminate reinforcement of dependency, hopelessness, learned helplessness, and other maladaptive behaviours. According to psychiatrist Leon Eisenberg, deinstitutionalisation has been an overall benefit for most psychiatric patients, though many have been left homeless and without care. The deinstitutionalisation movement was initiated by three factors: A socio-political movement for community mental health services and open hospitals; The advent of psychotropic drugs able to manage psychotic episodes; A financial imperative to shift costs from state to federal budgets.

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