Definitions for decolonization
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word decolonization
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
de•col•o•nizediˈkɒl əˌnaɪz(v.)-nized, -niz•ing.
(v.t.)to allow to become self-governing or independent.
Category: Common Vocabulary, Government
the action of changing from colonial to independent status
the freeing of a colony etc from dependent status by granting it independence
Decolonization is the undoing of colonialism, the unequal relation of polities whereby one people or nation establishes and maintains dependent Territory over another. It can be understood politically or culturally The term refers particularly to the dismantlement, in the years after World War II, of the Neo-Imperial empires established prior to World War I throughout Africa and Asia. The United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization has stated that in the process of decolonization there is no alternative to the colonizer's allowance of self-determination, but in practice decolonization may involve either nonviolent revolution or national liberation wars by the native population. It may be intramural or involve the intervention of foreign powers acting individually or through international bodies such as the United Nations. Although examples of decolonization can be found as early as the writings of Thucydides, there have been several particularly active periods of decolonization in modern times. These are the breakup of the Spanish Empire in the 19th century; of the German, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman, and Russian Empires following World War I; of the British, French, Dutch, Portuguese, Belgian and Italian colonial empires following World War II; of the Russian Empire successor union following the Cold War; and others.
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