Definitions for cyprinidˈsɪp rə nɪd
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cyprinid, cyprinid fish(adj)
soft-finned mainly freshwater fishes typically having toothless jaws and cycloid scales
of or relating to members of fish family Cyprinidae
Any fish of this family.
Of, pertaining to or characteristic of the Cyprinidae family of fish that includes carps and minnows.
The Cyprinidae family of freshwater fishes includes the carps, the true minnows, and their relatives. Commonly called the carp family or the minnow family, its members are also known as cyprinids. It is the largest fish family and the largest family of vertebrate animals in general, with about 3,000 species in about 370 genera. The family belongs to the order Cypriniformes, of whose genera and species the cyprinids make more than two-thirds. The family name is derived from the Ancient Greek kyprînos. Cyprinids are stomachless fish with toothless jaws. Even so, food can be effectively chewed by the gill rakers of the specialized last gill bow. These pharyngeal teeth allow the fish to make chewing motions against a chewing plate formed by a bony process of the skull. The pharyngeal teeth are species-specific and are used by specialists to determine species. Strong pharyngeal teeth allow fish such as the common carp and ide to eat hard baits such as snails and bivalves. Hearing is a well-developed sense, since the cyprinids have the Weberian organ, three specialized vertebral processes that transfer motion of the gas bladder to the inner ear.
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