Definitions for contextualismkənˈtɛks tʃu əˌlɪz əm
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Any of a group of doctrines that stress the importance of context
Contextualism describes a collection of views in philosophy which emphasize the context in which an action, utterance, or expression occurs, and argues that, in some important respect, the action, utterance, or expression can only be understood relative to that context. Contextualist views hold that philosophically controversial concepts, such as "meaning P", "knowing that P", "having a reason to A", and possibly even "being true" or "being right" only have meaning relative to a specified context. Some philosophers hold that context-dependence may lead to relativism; nevertheless, contextualist views are increasingly popular within philosophy. In ethics, "contextualist" views are often closely associated with situational ethics, or with moral relativism. In architectural theory, contextualism is a theory of design wherein modern building types are harmonized with urban forms usual to a traditional city.
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"contextualism." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 13 Oct. 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/contextualism>.