Definitions for conscriptionkənˈskrɪp ʃən
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word conscription
conscription, muster, draft, selective service(noun)
compulsory military service
involuntary labor, especially military service, demanded by some established authority
an enrolling or registering
a compulsory enrollment of men for military or naval service; a draft
belonging to, or of the nature of, a conspiration
Conscription is the compulsory enlistment of people in some sort of national service, most often military service. Conscription dates back to antiquity and continues in some countries to the present day under various names. The modern system of near-universal national conscription for young men dates to the French Revolution in the 1790s, where it became the basis of a very large and powerful military. Most European nations later copied the system in peacetime, so that men at a certain age would serve 1–3 years on active duty and then transfer to the reserve force. In China, the State of Qin instituted universal military service following the registration of every household. This allowed huge armies to be levied, and was instrumental in the creation of the Qin Empire that conquered the whole of China in 221BC. Conscription is controversial for a range of reasons, including conscientious objection to military engagements on religious or philosophical grounds; political objection, for example to service for a disliked government or unpopular war; and ideological objection, for example, to a perceived violation of individual rights. Those conscripted may evade service, sometimes by leaving the country. Some selection systems accommodate these attitudes by providing alternative service outside combat-operations roles or even outside the military, such as Zivildienst in Austria and Switzerland. Most post-Soviet countries conscript soldiers not only for Armed Forces but also for paramilitary organizations which are dedicated to police-like domestic only service or non-combat rescue duties - none of which is considered alternative to the military conscription.
Translations for conscription
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- военна повинностBulgarian
- karinė prievolėLithuanian
- alistamento, conscriçãoPortuguese
- воинская повинность, воинская обязанность, призывRussian
- utskrivning, värnpliktSwedish
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"conscription." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/conscription>.