Definitions for classical conditioning
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word classical conditioning
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
Category: Psychiatry, Psychology
Ref: conditioning (def. 2). 2
Origin of classical conditioning:
conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflex; the stimulus that evokes the reflex is given whether or not the conditioned response occurs until eventually the neutral stimulus comes to evoke the reflex
The use of a neutral stimulus, originally paired with one that invokes a response, to generate a conditioned response
Classical conditioning is a form of learning in which the conditioned stimulus or CS, comes to signal the occurrence of a second stimulus, the unconditioned stimulus or US. The conditioned response is the learned response to the previously neutral stimulus. The US is usually a biologically significant stimulus such as food or pain that elicits a response from the start; this is called the unconditioned response or UR. The CS usually produces no particular response at first, but after conditioning it elicits the conditioned response or CR. Classical conditioning differs from operant or instrumental conditioning, in which behavior emitted by the subject is strengthened or weakened by its consequences. There are many examples of these innate reflexes or learned reflexes. "In any animal, regardless of its prior history, painful stimulation of the foot causes the leg to be withdrawn by bending at all its joints. This flexor reflex is an example of an unconditioned reflex, an innate response based on fixed connections in the chain of neurons from the receptor to the effector. Of still more interest in everyday life are the acquired or conditioned reflexes, in which the functional connections between the excited sensors and the patterns of activity in effector organs become established by learning process."
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"classical conditioning." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/classical conditioning>.