Definitions for chloroplastˈklɔr əˌplæst, ˈkloʊr-
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word chloroplast
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
chlo•ro•plastˈklɔr əˌplæst, ˈkloʊr-(n.)
a plastid containing chlorophyll.
Origin of chloroplast:
1885–90; chloro (phyll ) + -plast
plastid containing chlorophyll and other pigments; in plants that carry out photosynthesis
An organelle found in the cells of green plants, and in photosynthetic algae, where photosynthesis takes place.
Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells and some other eukaryotic organisms. As well as conducting photosynthesis, they carry out almost all fatty acid synthesis in plants, and are involved in a plant's immune response. A chloroplast is a type of plastid which specializes in photosynthesis. During photosynthesis, chloroplasts capture the sun's light energy, and store it in the energy storage molecules ATP and NADPH while freeing oxygen from water. They then use the ATP and NADPH to make organic molecules from carbon dioxide in a process known as the Calvin cycle. The word chloroplast is derived from the Greek words chloros, which means green, and plastes, which means "the one who forms".
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