Definitions for cementsɪˈmɛnt
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word cement
concrete pavement is sometimes referred to as cement
"they stood on the grey cement beside the pool"
a building material that is a powder made of a mixture of calcined limestone and clay; used with water and sand or gravel to make concrete and mortar
something that hardens to act as adhesive material
any of various materials used by dentists to fill cavities in teeth
a specialized bony substance covering the root of a tooth
make fast as if with cement
"We cemented our friendship"
cover or coat with cement
bind or join with or as if with cement
A powdered substance that develops strong adhesive properties when mixed with water.
The paste-like substance resulting from mixing such a powder with water.
Any material with strong adhesive properties.
A particular type or brand of cement.
To affix with cement.
To ensure an outcome.
Origin: From caementum, from caedo.
any substance used for making bodies adhere to each other, as mortar, glue, etc
a kind of calcined limestone, or a calcined mixture of clay and lime, for making mortar which will harden under water
the powder used in cementation. See Cementation, n., 2
bond of union; that which unites firmly, as persons in friendship, or men in society
the layer of bone investing the root and neck of a tooth; -- called also cementum
to unite or cause to adhere by means of a cement
to unite firmly or closely
to overlay or coat with cement; as, to cement a cellar bottom
to become cemented or firmly united; to cohere
Origin: [OF. cement, ciment, F. ciment, fr. L. caementum a rough, unhewn stone, pieces or chips of marble, from which mortar was made, contr. fr. caedimentum, fr. caedere to cut, prob. akin to scindere to cleave, and to E. shed, v. t.]
In the most general sense of the word, a cement is a binder, a substance that sets and hardens independently, and can bind other materials together. The word "cement" traces to the Romans, who used the term opus caementicium to describe masonry resembling modern concrete that was made from crushed rock with burnt lime as binder. The volcanic ash and pulverized brick additives that were added to the burnt lime to obtain a hydraulic binder were later referred to as cementum, cimentum, cäment, and cement. Cements used in construction can be characterized as being either hydraulic or non-hydraulic. Hydraulic cements harden because of hydration, a chemical reaction between the anhydrous cement powder and water. Thus, they can harden underwater or when constantly exposed to wet weather. The chemical reaction results in hydrates that are not very water-soluble and so are quite durable in water. Non-hydraulic cements do not harden underwater; for example, slaked limes harden by reaction with atmospheric carbon dioxide. The most important uses of cement are as an ingredient in the production of mortar in masonry, and of concrete, a combination of cement and an aggregate to form a strong building material.
Translations for cement
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- цимент, циментирамBulgarian
- cimentCatalan, Valencian
- smentio, sment, cadarnhau, cryfhauWelsh
- cement, cementereDanish
- zementieren, ZementGerman
- pegamento, cementoSpanish
- سیمان, ملاتPersian
- sementti, liimaFinnish
- ciment, adhésif, colleFrench
- stroighin, suimintigh, táthaigh, stroighnighIrish
- cemento, cementare, adesivo, consolidareItalian
- цементировать, цементRussian
- சிமிட்டி, பைஞ்சுதைTamil
- xi măngVietnamese
Get even more translations for cement »
Find a translation for the cement definition in other languages:
Select another language: