Definitions for cast iron
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word cast iron
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
an alloy of iron, carbon, and other elements, cast as a soft and strong, or as a hard and brittle iron.
Origin of cast iron:
made of cast iron.
not subject to change or exception:
a cast-iron rule.
a cast-iron stomach.
Origin of cast-iron:
an alloy of iron containing so much carbon that it is brittle and so cannot be wrought but must be shaped by casting
"an iron constitution"
A hard and brittle, but strong, alloy of iron, carbon, and silicon, formed by casting in a mould.
Made of cast iron.
Durable; tough; resiliant.
Inflexible or without exception.
Origin: Derived from the casting of this form of iron. See wrought iron for comparison
highly carbonized iron, the direct product of the blast furnace; -- used for making castings, and for conversion into wrought iron and steel. It can not be welded or forged, is brittle, and sometimes very hard. Besides carbon, it contains sulphur, phosphorus, silica, etc
Cast iron is iron or a ferrous alloy which has been heated until it liquefies, and is then poured into a mould to solidify. It is usually made from pig iron. The alloy constituents affect its colour when fractured: white cast iron has carbide impurities which allow cracks to pass straight through. Grey cast iron has graphitic flakes which deflect a passing crack and initiate countless new cracks as the material breaks. Carbon and silicon are the main alloying elements, with the amount ranging from 2.1–4 wt% and 1–3 wt%, respectively. Iron alloys with less carbon content are known as steel. While this technically makes these base alloys ternary Fe–C–Si alloys, the principle of cast iron solidification is understood from the binary iron–carbon phase diagram. Since the compositions of most cast irons are around the eutectic point of the iron–carbon system, the melting temperatures closely correlate, usually ranging from 1,150 to 1,200 °C, which is about 300 °C lower than the melting point of pure iron. Cast iron tends to be brittle, except for malleable cast irons. With its relatively low melting point, good fluidity, castability, excellent machinability, resistance to deformation and wear resistance, cast irons have become an engineering material with a wide range of applications and are used in pipes, machines and automotive industry parts, such as cylinder heads, cylinder blocks and gearbox cases. It is resistant to destruction and weakening by oxidation.
Translations for cast iron
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
unpurified iron melted and shaped in a mould.
- gietyster, potysterAfrikaans
- حَديدٌ مَصْبوبٌ على شَكلِ سَبائِكArabic
- ferro fundidoPortuguese (BR)
- das GußeisenGerman
- hierro fundidoSpanish
- בָּרזֵל יְצִיקָהHebrew
- ढलुआं लोहाHindi
- od ljevenogželjezaCroatian
- besi corIndonesian
- besi tuangMalay
- ferro fundidoPortuguese
- liveno gvožđeSerbian
- dökme demirTurkish
- 鑄鐵Chinese (Trad.)
- ڈھلی ہوئی کوئی چیزUrdu
- 铸铁Chinese (Simp.)
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