Definitions for capacitancekəˈpæs ɪ təns
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word capacitance
capacitance, electrical capacity, capacity(noun)
an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored
capacitor, capacitance, condenser, electrical condenser(noun)
an electrical device characterized by its capacity to store an electric charge
The property of an electric circuit or its element that permits it to store charge, defined as the ratio of stored charge to potential over that element or circuit (Q/V); SI unit: farad (F).
An element of an electrical circuit exhibiting capacitance.
Capacitance is the ability of a body to store an electrical charge. Any object that can be electrically charged exhibits capacitance. A common form of energy storage device is a parallel-plate capacitor. In a parallel plate capacitor, capacitance is directly proportional to the surface area of the conductor plates and inversely proportional to the separation distance between the plates. If the charges on the plates are +q and −q, and V gives the voltage between the plates, then the capacitance C is given by which gives the voltage/current relationship The capacitance is a function only of the physical dimensions of the conductors and the permittivity of the dielectric. It is independent of the potential difference between the conductors and the total charge on them. The SI unit of capacitance is the farad, named after the English physicist Michael Faraday; a 1 farad capacitor when charged with 1 coulomb of electrical charge will have a potential difference of 1 volt between its plates. Historically, a farad was regarded as an inconveniently large unit, both electrically and physically. Its subdivisions were invariably used, namely the microfarad, nanofarad and picofarad. More recently, technology has advanced such that capacitors of 1 farad and greater can be constructed in a structure little larger than a coin battery. Such capacitors are principally used for energy storage replacing more traditional batteries.
Translations for capacitance
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- kondensaattori, kapasitanssiFinnish
- capacité électriqueFrench
- 静電容量, 容量, 電気容量Japanese
- 정전용량, 용량, 전기용량Korean
- elektrische capaciteitDutch
- capacitate electricăRomanian
- конденсатор, ёмкостьRussian
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