calque, calque formation, loan translation(noun)
an expression introduced into one language by translating it from another language
"`superman' is a calque for the German `Ubermensch'"
A word or phrase in a language formed by word-for-word or morpheme-by-morpheme translation of a word in another language.
To adopt (a word or phrase) from one language to another by semantic translation of its parts.
Origin: From calque, from calquer, from calcare.
see 2d Calk, v. t
In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation. Used as a verb, "to calque" means to borrow a word or phrase from another language while translating its components so as to create a new lexeme in the target language. "Calque" is a loanword from a French noun, and derives from the verb "calquer". "Loanword" is a calque of the German "Lehnwort", just as "loan translation" is of "Lehnübersetzung". Proving that a word is a calque sometimes requires more documentation than does an untranslated loanword, since in some cases a similar phrase might have arisen in both languages independently. This is less likely to be the case when the grammar of the proposed calque is quite different from that of the language proposed to be borrowing, or the calque contains less obvious imagery. Calquing is distinct from phono-semantic matching. While calquing includes translation, it does not consist of phonetic matching.
The numerical value of calque in Chaldean Numerology is: 1
The numerical value of calque in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
Images & Illustrations of calque
Translations for calque
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- calcCatalan, Valencian
- lehnübersetzen, LehnübersetzungGerman
- omaksua, käännöslainaFinnish
- calque, calquerFrench
- tükörfordítás, tükörszóHungarian
- калкира, калкаMacedonian
- woordelijke vertaling, letterlijke vertaling, leenvertalingDutch
- omsetjingslånNorwegian Nynorsk
- калька, калькироватьRussian
- kȁlk, ка̏лк, калки́рати, kalkíratiSerbo-Croatian
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