Definitions for calquekælk
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word calque
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
calquekælk(n.; v.)calqued, cal•quing.
Ref: loan translation.
(v.t.)to form (a word or phrase) through the process of loan translation.
Origin of calque:
1655–65; < F, n. der. of calquer to copy, base on
calque, calque formation, loan translation(noun)
an expression introduced into one language by translating it from another language
"`superman' is a calque for the German `Ubermensch'"
A word or phrase in a language formed by word-for-word or morpheme-by-morpheme translation of a word in another language.
To adopt (a word or phrase) from one language to another by semantic translation of its parts.
Origin: From calque, from calquer, from calcare.
see 2d Calk, v. t
In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation. Used as a verb, "to calque" means to borrow a word or phrase from another language while translating its components so as to create a new lexeme in the target language. "Calque" is a loanword from a French noun, and derives from the verb "calquer". "Loanword" is a calque of the German "Lehnwort", just as "loan translation" is of "Lehnübersetzung". Proving that a word is a calque sometimes requires more documentation than does an untranslated loanword, since in some cases a similar phrase might have arisen in both languages independently. This is less likely to be the case when the grammar of the proposed calque is quite different from that of the language proposed to be borrowing, or the calque contains less obvious imagery. Calquing is distinct from phono-semantic matching. While calquing includes translation, it does not consist of phonetic matching.
Translations for calque
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a copy made by tracing
I made a tracing of the diagram.
- نُسْخَةٌ بواسِطَة رَسْم الآثارArabic
- decalquePortuguese (BR)
- die PauseGerman
- पारदर्शक कागज में नकल उतारनाHindi
- precrtavanje, kopiranjeCroatian
- eftirrit, kópíaIcelandic
- 복사도, 투사도Korean
- strektegning, kalkeringNorwegian
- rysunek kalkowyPolish
- copie (prin decalcare)Romanian
- 摹圖Chinese (Trad.)
- скалькований малюнок; калькаUkrainian
- sự can, sự đồ họaVietnamese
- 摹图Chinese (Simp.)
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