the first day of the Roman month.
Origin: From kalendes, from kalendae, calendae, from calo
the first day of each month in the ancient Roman calendar
Origin: [OE. kalendes month, calends, AS. calend month, fr. L. calendae; akin to calare to call, proclaim, Gr. . CF. Claim.]
The calends were the first days of each month of the Roman calendar. The Romans assigned these calends to the first day of the month, signifying the start of the new moon cycle. On that day, the pontiffs would announce at the Curia Calabra the rest days for the upcoming month and the debtors had to pay off their debts that were inscribed in the kalendaria, a sort of accounts book. The date was measured forward to upcoming days such as the calends, nones or ides. Thus, while modern calendars count the number of days after the first of each month, III. Kal. Ian. would be December 30th, three days before the first of January. To find the day of the calends of the current month, one counts how many days remain in the month, and add two to that number. For example, April 22, is the 10th of the calends of May, because there are 8 days left in April, to which 2 being added, the sum is 10. Computation of the days of the month from calends can be done using the following verses: Principium mensis cujusque vocato kalendas: Sex Maius nonas, October, Julius, et Mars; Quattuor at reliqui: dabit idus quidlibet octo.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
kal′endz, n. among the Romans, the first day of each month. [L. Kalendæ—calăre, Gr. kalein, to call, because the beginning of the month was proclaimed.]
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
the first day of the Roman month, so called as the day on which the feast days and unlucky days of the month were announced.
The numerical value of calends in Chaldean Numerology is: 6
The numerical value of calends in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4
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