Definitions for bubonic plague

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Random House Webster's College Dictionary

bubon′ic plague′(n.)

  1. a severe infection caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, characterized by the formation of buboes at the armpits and groin.

    Category: Pathology

    Ref: Compare Black Death.

Origin of bubonic plague:

1885–90

Princeton's WordNet

  1. bubonic plague, pestis bubonica, glandular plague(noun)

    the most common form of the plague in humans; characterized by chills, prostration, delirium and the formation of buboes in the armpits and groin; does not spread from person to person

Wiktionary

  1. bubonic plague(Noun)

    A contagious, often fatal, epidemic disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, transmitted by the bite of fleas from an infected person or rodent, especially a rat, and characterized by delirium, chills, fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and the formation of buboes.

Freebase

  1. Bubonic plague

    Bubonic plague is a zoonotic disease, circulating mainly among small rodents and their fleas, and is one of three types of bacterial infections caused by Yersinia pestis, which belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae. Without treatment, the bubonic plague kills about two thirds of infected humans within 4 days. The term bubonic plague is derived from the Greek word βουβών, meaning "groin." Swollen lymph nodes especially occur in the armpit and groin in persons suffering from bubonic plague. Bubonic plague was often used synonymously for plague, but it does in fact refer specifically to an infection that enters through the skin and travels through the lymphatics, as is often seen in flea-borne infections. Bubonic plague—along with the septicemic plague and the pneumonic plague, which are the two other manifestations of Y. pestis—is commonly believed to be the cause of the Black Death that swept through Europe in the 14th century and killed an estimated 25 million people, or 30–60% of the European population. Because the plague killed so many of the working population, wages rose and some historians have seen this as a turning point in European economic development.

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