Definitions for bremsstrahlungˈbrɛmˌʃtrɑ ləŋ
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word bremsstrahlung
the electromagnetic radiation produced by the acceleration of a charged particle, such as an electron, when it is deflected by another charged particle, such as an atomic nucleus
Origin: Bremse, brake + Strahlung, radiation
Bremsstrahlung is electromagnetic radiation produced by the deceleration of a charged particle when deflected by another charged particle, typically an electron by an atomic nucleus. The moving particle loses kinetic energy, which is converted into a photon because energy is conserved. The term is also used to refer to the process of producing the radiation. Bremsstrahlung has a continuous spectrum, which becomes more intense and whose peak intensity shifts toward higher frequencies as the change of the energy of the accelerated particles increases. Strictly speaking, braking radiation is any radiation due to the acceleration of a charged particle, which includes synchrotron radiation, cyclotron radiation, and the emission of electrons and positrons during beta decay. However, the term is frequently used in the more narrow sense of radiation from electrons slowing in matter. Bremsstrahlung emitted from plasma is sometimes referred to as free-free radiation. This refers to the fact that the radiation in this case is created by charged particles that are free both before and after the deflection that caused the emission.
Find a translation for the bremsstrahlung definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these bremsstrahlung definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"bremsstrahlung." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 30 Mar. 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/bremsstrahlung>.