vegetation, flora, botany(noun)
all the plant life in a particular region or period
"Pleistocene vegetation"; "the flora of southern California"; "the botany of China"
the branch of biology that studies plants
The scientific study of plants, a branch of biology. Typically those disciplines that involve the whole plant.
The plant life, or the properties and life phenomena exhibited by a plant, plant type, or plant group.
A botanical treatise or study, especially of a particular system of botany or that of a particular place.
Origin: First attested in 1696: .
the science which treats of the structure of plants, the functions of their parts, their places of growth, their classification, and the terms which are employed in their description and denomination. See Plant
a book which treats of the science of botany
Botany, plant science, or plant biology, is a discipline of biology and the science of plant life. Traditionally, the science of botany included the study of fungi, algae, and viruses, but this has become less common. A person engaged in the study of botany is called a botanist. Botany began with early efforts to identify edible, medicinal and poisonous plants, making it one of the oldest branches of science. Nowadays, botanists study about 400,000 species of living organisms. The beginnings of modern-style classification systems can be traced to the 1500s–1600s when several attempts were made to classify plants scientifically. In the 19th and 20th centuries, major new techniques were developed for studying plants, including microscopy and analysis of plant chemistry and plant anatomy. In the last two decades of the 20th century, analysis of DNA sequences began to be used to classify plants more accurately, culminating in the APG III system, a molecular system of plant taxonomy that was published in 2009 by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. Modern botanical research covers very diverse topics and is increasingly multidisciplinary, integrating strongly with other scientific disciplines such as chemistry, physics and bioinformatics. It includes, for example, the study of paleobotany, plant evolution and speciation, plant diversity, plant ecology, plant anatomy, plant cell biology, cell signaling, plant biochemistry, plant physiology, plant taxonomy and plant systematics, molecular genetics, genomics, proteomics, epigenetics, evolutionary developmental biology, systems biology, plant tissue culture and biotechnology. Scientific disciplines in applied plant science include agronomy, forestry and horticulture, all of which owe much to the discipline of soil science. Key scientists in the history of botany include Theophrastus, Ibn al-Baitar, Carl Linnaeus, Gregor Mendel, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, William Hooker, Albert Francis Blakeslee, G. Ledyard Stebbins, Arthur Cronquist, Robert Brown, Arthur Tansley and many of those plant explorers whose names are immortalized in the generic or specific names of plants, such as Joseph Banks, John Tradescant the elder, John Tradescant the younger, Joel Roberts Poinsett and George Forrest.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
bot′an-i, n. the science of plants.—adj. Botan′ic.—adv. Botan′ically.—v.i. Bot′anise, to seek for and collect plants for study.—ns. Bot′anist, one skilled in botany; Bot′anomancy, divination by means of plants, esp. the leaves of the sage and fig.—Botany Bay, a famous convict settlement in New South Wales, near to what is now Sydney: convict settlements generally. [Gr. botanē, herb, plant—bosk-ein, to feed, L. vescor, I feed myself; perh. cog. with A.S. woed.]
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
The numerical value of botany in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of botany in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
Images & Illustrations of botany
Translations for botany
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- علم النباتArabic
- botanika, nəbatatşünaslıqAzerbaijani
- botànicaCatalan, Valencian
- Botanik, PflanzenkundeGerman
- ގަހަވީ އިލްމުDivehi
- plantscienco, botanikoEsperanto
- luibh-eòlasScottish Gaelic
- वनस्पति विज्ञानHindi
- etid plantHaitian Creole
- ilmu tumbuh-tumbuhanIndonesian
- 植物生態, 植物学Japanese
- botanikkiKalaallisut, Greenlandic
- ಗಿಡದರಿಮೆ, ಸಸ್ಯಶಾಸ್ತ್ರKannada
- 식물학, 植物學Korean
- BotanikLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- plantkóndeLimburgish, Limburgan, Limburger
- mātai tipu, mātauranga huaotaMāori
- ургамал судлал, ургамалзүйMongolian
- botani, kaji tumbuhanMalay
- botanie, botanica, plantkundeDutch
- plantelæreNorwegian Nynorsk
- chʼil naalkaahNavajo, Navaho
- ଉଦ୍ଭିଦ ବିଜ୍ଞାନOriya
- ботаникæOssetian, Ossetic
- ਬਨਸਪਤੀ ਵਿਗਿਆਨPanjabi, Punjabi
- botanika, roślinoznawstwoPolish
- بوټپوهنهPashto, Pushto
- élmu tutuwuhanSundanese
- växtbiologi, lärobok i botanik, flora, botanik, växtläraSwedish
- botania, elimumimeSwahili
- botanik, bitki bilimiTurkish
- 植物學, thực vật họcVietnamese
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