one of the administrative divisions of a large city
an English town that forms the constituency of a member of parliament
A fortified town
A town or city.
A town having a municipal corporation and certain traditional rights.
An administrative district in some cities, e.g., London.
An administrative unit of a city which, under most circumstances according to state or national law, would be considered a larger or more powerful entity; most commonly used in American English to define the five counties that make up New York City.
Other similar administrative units in cities and states in various parts of the world.
A district in Alaska having powers similar to a county.
The area, properly called Southwark, just south of London Bridge.
Origin: See borough
in England, an incorporated town that is not a city; also, a town that sends members to parliament; in Scotland, a body corporate, consisting of the inhabitants of a certain district, erected by the sovereign, with a certain jurisdiction; in America, an incorporated town or village, as in Pennsylvania and Connecticut
the collective body of citizens or inhabitants of a borough; as, the borough voted to lay a tax
an association of men who gave pledges or sureties to the king for the good behavior of each other
the pledge or surety thus given
A borough is an administrative division in various countries. In principle, the term borough designates a self-governing township although, in practice, official use of the term varies widely. The word borough derives from common Germanic *burg, meaning fort: compare with bury, burgh, Burg, borg, pori, burcht, and the Germanic borrowing present in neighbouring Indo-european languages such as borgo, bourg, burgo, purg and durg. The incidence of these words as suffixes to place names usually indicates that they were once fortified settlements. In the Middle Ages, boroughs were settlements in England that were granted some self-government; burghs were the Scottish equivalent. In medieval England, boroughs were also entitled to elect members of parliament. The use of the word borough probably derives from the burghal system of Alfred the Great. Alfred set up a system of defensive strong points; in order to maintain these settlements, he granted them a degree of autonomy. After the Norman Conquest, when certain towns were granted self-governance, the concept of the burh/borough seems to have been reused to mean a self-governing settlement.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
bur′ō, n. a town with a corporation and special privileges granted by royal charter; a town that sends representatives to parliament.—ns. Bor′ough-English, a custom in some ancient English boroughs, by which estates descend to the youngest son or the youngest brother; Bor′oughmonger, one who buys or sells the patronage of boroughs; Bor′ough-reeve, the chief municipal official in some unincorporated English towns prior to 1835.—Close or Pocket borough, a borough the representation of which was in the nomination of some person—common before 1832; County borough, a borough of above 50,000 inhabitants, constituted by the Local Government Act of 1888; Rotten borough, one which still returned members to parliament although the constituency had disappeared—all abolished in 1832.—The Scotch terms are grouped under Burgh. [A.S. burg, burh, a city, from beorgan; Ger. bergen, to protect.]
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
in Scotland Burgh, is in its modern sense primarily a town that sends a representative to Parliament; but it is further an area of local government, exercising police, sanitary, and sometimes educational, supervision, and deriving its income from rates levied on property within its bounds, and in Scotland sometimes from "common good" and petty customs. Its charter may be held from the Crown or granted by Parliament.
British National Corpus
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'borough' in Written Corpus Frequency: #3270
Rank popularity for the word 'borough' in Nouns Frequency: #1631
The numerical value of borough in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of borough in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
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Translations for borough
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