Definitions for boroughˈbɜr oʊ, ˈbʌr oʊ
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word borough
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
bor•oughˈbɜr oʊ, ˈbʌr oʊ(n.)
(in certain U.S. states) an incorporated municipality smaller than a city.
one of the five administrative divisions of New York City.
(in Great Britain) a self-governing incorporated urban community. a town or constituency represented by a Member of Parliament. a medieval fortified town.
(in Alaska) an administrative division similar to a county in other states.
Category: Common Vocabulary, Government
Origin of borough:
bef. 900; ME burw(e), bor(u)g town, OE burg fortified town
one of the administrative divisions of a large city
an English town that forms the constituency of a member of parliament
A fortified town
A town or city.
A town having a municipal corporation and certain traditional rights.
An administrative district in some cities, e.g., London.
An administrative unit of a city which, under most circumstances according to state or national law, would be considered a larger or more powerful entity; most commonly used in American English to define the five counties that make up New York City.
Other similar administrative units in cities and states in various parts of the world.
A district in Alaska having powers similar to a county.
The area, properly called Southwark, just south of London Bridge.
Origin: See borough
in England, an incorporated town that is not a city; also, a town that sends members to parliament; in Scotland, a body corporate, consisting of the inhabitants of a certain district, erected by the sovereign, with a certain jurisdiction; in America, an incorporated town or village, as in Pennsylvania and Connecticut
the collective body of citizens or inhabitants of a borough; as, the borough voted to lay a tax
an association of men who gave pledges or sureties to the king for the good behavior of each other
the pledge or surety thus given
A borough is an administrative division in various countries. In principle, the term borough designates a self-governing township although, in practice, official use of the term varies widely. The word borough derives from common Germanic *burg, meaning fort: compare with bury, burgh, Burg, borg, pori, burcht, and the Germanic borrowing present in neighbouring Indo-european languages such as borgo, bourg, burgo, purg and durg. The incidence of these words as suffixes to place names usually indicates that they were once fortified settlements. In the Middle Ages, boroughs were settlements in England that were granted some self-government; burghs were the Scottish equivalent. In medieval England, boroughs were also entitled to elect members of parliament. The use of the word borough probably derives from the burghal system of Alfred the Great. Alfred set up a system of defensive strong points; in order to maintain these settlements, he granted them a degree of autonomy. After the Norman Conquest, when certain towns were granted self-governance, the concept of the burh/borough seems to have been reused to mean a self-governing settlement.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
in Scotland Burgh, is in its modern sense primarily a town that sends a representative to Parliament; but it is further an area of local government, exercising police, sanitary, and sometimes educational, supervision, and deriving its income from rates levied on property within its bounds, and in Scotland sometimes from "common good" and petty customs. Its charter may be held from the Crown or granted by Parliament.
Translations for borough
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
in Britain, a town or area with certain rights.
- stad, munisipaliteitAfrikaans
- بَلْدَةٌ تَتَمَتَّعُ بِحُكْمٍ ذاتيArabic
- municípioPortuguese (BR)
- výsadní město, samosprávné městoCzech
- die StadtgemeindeGerman
- bykommune; kommuneDanish
- δήμος, διοικητική περιφέρειαGreek
- alev, linnaosaEstonian
- شهری که شهردار و قوانین مستقل داردFarsi
- gradski okrugCroatian
- bær eða borgIcelandic
- (città che gode di autonomia amministrativa)Italian
- (영국) 자치구Korean
- miestelis, sritisLithuanian
-  pilsēta/rajons (ar savu pašvaldību)Latvian
- kawasan pilihan raya bandaranMalay
- by(kommune); valgkretsNorwegian
- miasto, dzielnicaPolish
- شهری که شهردار و قوانین مستقل داردPersian
- هغه ښار چی مستقل ښاروال او قوانین لریPashto
- городок; районRussian
- stad, stadsdel, kommunSwedish
- เมืองเล็ก ๆ ที่ปกครองตนเองThai
- kasaba, ilçe, kazaTurkish
- 享有某些自治權的城市、鎮、區Chinese (Trad.)
- невелике місто, яке має самоврядуванняUkrainian
- قصبہ ، علاقہUrdu
- thành phốVietnamese
- 享有特权的自治城市，自治的市镇、区Chinese (Simp.)
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