Definitions for boroughˈbɜr oʊ, ˈbʌr oʊ

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word borough

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

bor•oughˈbɜr oʊ, ˈbʌr oʊ(n.)

  1. (in certain U.S. states) an incorporated municipality smaller than a city.

    Category: Government

  2. one of the five administrative divisions of New York City.

    Category: Government

  3. (in Great Britain) a self-governing incorporated urban community. a town or constituency represented by a Member of Parliament. a medieval fortified town.

    Category: Government

  4. (in Alaska) an administrative division similar to a county in other states.

    Category: Common Vocabulary, Government

Origin of borough:

bef. 900; ME burw(e), bor(u)g town, OE burg fortified town

Princeton's WordNet

  1. borough(noun)

    one of the administrative divisions of a large city

  2. borough(noun)

    an English town that forms the constituency of a member of parliament

Wiktionary

  1. borough(Noun)

    A fortified town

  2. borough(Noun)

    A town or city.

  3. borough(Noun)

    A town having a municipal corporation and certain traditional rights.

  4. borough(Noun)

    An administrative district in some cities, e.g., London.

  5. borough(Noun)

    An administrative unit of a city which, under most circumstances according to state or national law, would be considered a larger or more powerful entity; most commonly used in American English to define the five counties that make up New York City.

  6. borough(Noun)

    Other similar administrative units in cities and states in various parts of the world.

  7. borough(Noun)

    A district in Alaska having powers similar to a county.

  8. Borough(ProperNoun)

    The area, properly called Southwark, just south of London Bridge.

  9. Origin: See borough

Webster Dictionary

  1. Borough(noun)

    in England, an incorporated town that is not a city; also, a town that sends members to parliament; in Scotland, a body corporate, consisting of the inhabitants of a certain district, erected by the sovereign, with a certain jurisdiction; in America, an incorporated town or village, as in Pennsylvania and Connecticut

  2. Borough(noun)

    the collective body of citizens or inhabitants of a borough; as, the borough voted to lay a tax

  3. Borough(noun)

    an association of men who gave pledges or sureties to the king for the good behavior of each other

  4. Borough(noun)

    the pledge or surety thus given

Freebase

  1. Borough

    A borough is an administrative division in various countries. In principle, the term borough designates a self-governing township although, in practice, official use of the term varies widely. The word borough derives from common Germanic *burg, meaning fort: compare with bury, burgh, Burg, borg, pori, burcht, and the Germanic borrowing present in neighbouring Indo-european languages such as borgo, bourg, burgo, purg and durg. The incidence of these words as suffixes to place names usually indicates that they were once fortified settlements. In the Middle Ages, boroughs were settlements in England that were granted some self-government; burghs were the Scottish equivalent. In medieval England, boroughs were also entitled to elect members of parliament. The use of the word borough probably derives from the burghal system of Alfred the Great. Alfred set up a system of defensive strong points; in order to maintain these settlements, he granted them a degree of autonomy. After the Norman Conquest, when certain towns were granted self-governance, the concept of the burh/borough seems to have been reused to mean a self-governing settlement.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Borough

    in Scotland Burgh, is in its modern sense primarily a town that sends a representative to Parliament; but it is further an area of local government, exercising police, sanitary, and sometimes educational, supervision, and deriving its income from rates levied on property within its bounds, and in Scotland sometimes from "common good" and petty customs. Its charter may be held from the Crown or granted by Parliament.

British National Corpus

  1. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'borough' in Written Corpus Frequency: #3270

  2. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'borough' in Nouns Frequency: #1631


Translations for borough

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

borough(noun)

in Britain, a town or area with certain rights.

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