A Black Madonna or Black Virgin is a statue or painting of Mary in which she is depicted with dark skin, especially those created in Europe in the medieval period or earlier. The Black Madonnas are generally found in Catholic countries. The term refers to a type of Marian statue or painting of mainly medieval origin, with dark or black features whose exact origins are not always easy to determine. The statues are mostly wooden but occasionally stone, often painted and up to 75 cm tall. They fall into two main groups: free-standing upright figures and seated figures on a throne. The pictures are usually icons which are Byzantine in style, often made in 13th- or 14th-century Italy. There are about 450–500 Black Madonnas in Europe, depending on how they are classified. There are at least 180 Vierges Noires in France, and there are hundreds of non-medieval copies as well. Some are in museums, but most are in churches or shrines and are venerated by devotees. A few are associated with miracles and attract substantial numbers of pilgrims. Important early studies of dark images in France were done by Marie Durand-Lefebvre, Emile Saillens, and Jacques Huynen.
The numerical value of black madonna in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of black madonna in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1
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"black madonna." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2018. Web. 22 Jan. 2018. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/black madonna>.