Definitions for bibliometrics

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Wiktionary

  1. bibliometrics(Noun)

    The statistical analysis of texts, especially of published literature

Freebase

  1. Bibliometrics

    Bibliometrics is a set of methods to quantitatively analyze scientific and technological literature. The term was coined by Alan Pritchard in a paper published in 1969, titled Statistical Bibliography or Bibliometrics?. He defined the term as "the application of mathematics and statistical methods to books and other media of communication". Citation analysis and content analysis are commonly used bibliometric methods. While bibliometric methods are most often used in the field of library and information science, bibliometrics have wide applications in other areas. In fact, many research fields use bibliometric methods to explore the impact of their field, the impact of a set of researchers, or the impact of a particular paper. Bibliometrics are now used in quantitative research assessment exercises of academic output which is starting to threaten practice based research. The UK government is considering using bibliometrics as a possible auxiliary tool in its Research Excellence Framework, a process which will assess the quality of the research output of UK universities and on the basis of the assessment results, allocate research funding. Historically bibliometric methods have been used to trace relationships amongst academic journal citations. Citation analysis, which involves examining an item's referring documents, is used in searching for materials and analyzing their merit. Citation indices, such as Institute for Scientific Information's Web of Science, allow users to search forward in time from a known article to more recent publications which cite the known item.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Bibliometrics

    The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

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