Definitions for bhartrihari
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word bhartrihari
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Indian author of apothegms, who appears to have lived in the 11th century B.C., and to have been of royal rank.
Bhartṛhari is a Sanskrit author who is likely to have written two influential Sanskrit texts in the domain of grammar: the Mahābhāṣya-dīpikā, an important, early subcommentary on Patanjali's Vyākaraṇa-Mahābhāṣya which itself is a major commentary on Pāṇini’s Aṣṭādhyāyī; of this text, also known as Mahābhāṣya-ṭīkā, only a fragment covering several Āhnikas is preserved; it was extensively used by later grammarians such as Kaiyaṭa; and the Vākyapadīya, on Sanskrit grammar and linguistic philosophy, a foundational text in the Indian grammatical tradition, explaining numerous theories on the word and on the sentence, including theories which came to be known under the name of Sphoṭa; in this work Bhartrhari also discussed logical problems such as the liar paradox and a paradox of unnameability or unsignfiability which has become known as Bhartrhari's paradox; Of quite a different character than these two works is the Śatakatraya, a work of Sanskrit poetry, comprising three collections of about 100 stanzas each; it may or may not be by the same author who composed the two mentioned grammatical works.
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