Definitions for bhartrihari

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  1. Bhartrihari

    Indian author of apothegms, who appears to have lived in the 11th century B.C., and to have been of royal rank.

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  1. Bhartṛhari

    Bhartṛhari is a Sanskrit author who is likely to have written two influential Sanskrit texts in the domain of grammar: the Mahābhāṣya-dīpikā, an important, early subcommentary on Patanjali's Vyākaraṇa-Mahābhāṣya which itself is a major commentary on Pāṇini’s Aṣṭādhyāyī; of this text, also known as Mahābhāṣya-ṭīkā, only a fragment covering several Āhnikas is preserved; it was extensively used by later grammarians such as Kaiyaṭa; and the Vākyapadīya, on Sanskrit grammar and linguistic philosophy, a foundational text in the Indian grammatical tradition, explaining numerous theories on the word and on the sentence, including theories which came to be known under the name of Sphoṭa; in this work Bhartrhari also discussed logical problems such as the liar paradox and a paradox of unnameability or unsignfiability which has become known as Bhartrhari's paradox; Of quite a different character than these two works is the Śatakatraya, a work of Sanskrit poetry, comprising three collections of about 100 stanzas each; it may or may not be by the same author who composed the two mentioned grammatical works.

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