Definitions for bearn
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Béarn is one of the traditional provinces of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France. Along with the three Basque provinces of Soule, Lower Navarre, and Labourd, the principality of Bidache, as well as small parts of Gascony, it forms in the southwest the current département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques. The capitals of Béarn were Beneharnum, Morlaàs, Orthez, then Pau. Béarn is bordered by Basque provinces Soule and Lower Navarre to the west, by Gascony to the north, by Bigorre to the east, and by Spain to the south. The name Béarn comes from Beneharnum, the capital city of the Venarni people, destroyed by Vikings by 840. Today, the mainstays of the Béarn area are the petroleum business, the aerospace industry through the helicopter turboshaft engine manufacturer Turbomeca, tourism and agriculture. Pau was the birthplace of Elf Aquitaine, which has now become a part of Total petroleum company. In Alexandre Dumas's The Three Musketeers series, the protagonist d'Artagnan was from Béarn. That d'Artagnan is usually referred to as a Gascon is neither surprising nor incorrect, as Béarn is considered a part of Gascony.
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