Definitions for bacteriophagebækˈtɪər i əˌfeɪdʒ
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word bacteriophage
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
bac•te•ri•o•phagebækˈtɪər i əˌfeɪdʒ(n.)
any of a group of viruses that infect specific bacteria, usu. causing their disintegration.
Ref: Also called phage. 1
Origin of bacteriophage:
1920–25; < F
a virus that is parasitic (reproduces itself) in bacteria
"phage uses the bacterium's machinery and energy to produce more phage until the bacterium is destroyed and phage is released to invade surrounding bacteria"
A virus that specifically infects bacteria.
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within bacteria. The term is derived from 'bacteria' and the Greek φαγεῖν phagein "to devour". Bacteriophages are composed of proteins that encapsulate a DNA or RNA genome, and may have relatively simple or elaborate structures. Their genomes may encode as few as four genes, and as many as hundreds of genes. Phage replicate within bacteria following the injection of their genome into the cytoplasm. Bacteriophage are among the most common and diverse entities in the biosphere. Phages are widely distributed in locations populated by bacterial hosts, such as soil or the intestines of animals. One of the densest natural sources for phages and other viruses is sea water, where up to 9×10^8 virions per milliliter have been found in microbial mats at the surface, and up to 70% of marine bacteria may be infected by phages. They have been used for over 90 years as an alternative to antibiotics in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, as well as in France. They are seen as a possible therapy against multi-drug-resistant strains of many bacteria.
Find a translation for the bacteriophage definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"bacteriophage." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2013. Web. 13 Dec. 2013. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/bacteriophage>.