Definitions for bacteriophagebækˈtɪər i əˌfeɪdʒ
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word bacteriophage
a virus that is parasitic (reproduces itself) in bacteria
"phage uses the bacterium's machinery and energy to produce more phage until the bacterium is destroyed and phage is released to invade surrounding bacteria"
A virus that specifically infects bacteria.
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within bacteria. The term is derived from 'bacteria' and the Greek φαγεῖν phagein "to devour". Bacteriophages are composed of proteins that encapsulate a DNA or RNA genome, and may have relatively simple or elaborate structures. Their genomes may encode as few as four genes, and as many as hundreds of genes. Phage replicate within bacteria following the injection of their genome into the cytoplasm. Bacteriophage are among the most common and diverse entities in the biosphere. Phages are widely distributed in locations populated by bacterial hosts, such as soil or the intestines of animals. One of the densest natural sources for phages and other viruses is sea water, where up to 9×10^8 virions per milliliter have been found in microbial mats at the surface, and up to 70% of marine bacteria may be infected by phages. They have been used for over 90 years as an alternative to antibiotics in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, as well as in France. They are seen as a possible therapy against multi-drug-resistant strains of many bacteria.
Translations for bacteriophage
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
Get even more translations for bacteriophage »
Find a translation for the bacteriophage definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these bacteriophage definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"bacteriophage." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 1 Mar. 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/bacteriophage>.