Definitions for backwardness

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word backwardness

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

back•wardˈbæk wərd(adv.)back′wards.

  1. toward the back or rear.

  2. with the back foremost.

  3. in the reverse of the usual or right way:

    counting backward from 100.

  4. toward the past.

  5. toward a less advanced state; retrogressively.

  6. (adj.)directed toward the back or past.

  7. reversed; returning:

    a backward movement.

  8. behind in time, progress, or development:

    a backward learner.

  9. bashful or hesitant; shy:

    a backward suitor.

Idioms for backward:

  1. backward(s) and forward(s),in every detail; thoroughly.

    Category: Idiom

  2. bend, lean, or fall over backward,to exert oneself to the utmost; make a serious effort.

    Category: Idiom

Origin of backward:

1250–1300

back′ward•ness(n.)

Princeton's WordNet

  1. retardation, mental retardation, backwardness, slowness, subnormality(noun)

    lack of normal development of intellectual capacities

Wiktionary

  1. backwardness(Noun)

    The state of being backward.

  2. backwardness(Noun)

    reluctance.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Backwardness(noun)

    the state of being backward

Freebase

  1. Backwardness

    The backwardness model is a theory of economic growth created by Alexander Gerschenkron. The model postulates that the more backward an economy is at the outset of economic development, the more likely certain conditions are to occur. USSR leader Gorbachev once said, “If you don’t move forward, sooner or later you begin to move backward.” The more backward the economy: ⁕The more likely intervention by special institutions will be necessary to properly channel physical capital and human capital to industries. Special institutions include banks, as in the moderately backward Germany, or the state, as in the severely backward Russia. ⁕The greater the emphasis on the production of producer goods than consumer goods. ⁕The greater the emphasis on capital-intensive production rather than labor-intensive production. ⁕The greater the scale of production and enterprise. ⁕The greater the reliance on borrowed rather than indigenous technologies. ⁕The smaller the role of the agricultural sector as a market for new industries. ⁕The greater the reliance on productivity growth. Gerschenkron did not define how backwardness could be measured, but alluded to its existence along a northwest-to-southeast axis in Europe during its history, with the United Kingdom at one extreme, being the least backward country at the outset of its economic development, and the Balkan countries and Russia at the other extreme, being the most backward country at the outset of its economic development, and Germany lying somewhere between the two.


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Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

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"backwardness." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 20 Sep. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/backwardness>.

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