Definitions for atrophy
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word atrophy
atrophy, wasting, wasting away(noun)
a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)
"Muscles that are not used will atrophy"
A reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease, injury or lack of use.
To wither or waste away.
a wasting away from want of nourishment; diminution in bulk or slow emaciation of the body or of any part
to cause to waste away or become abortive; to starve or weaken
to waste away; to dwindle
Origin: [L. atrophia, Gr. ; 'a priv. + to nourish: cf. F. atrophie.]
Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. Causes of atrophy include mutations, poor nourishment, poor circulation, loss of hormonal support, loss of nerve supply to the target organ, excessive amount of apoptosis of cells, and disuse or lack of exercise or disease intrinsic to the tissue itself. Hormonal and nerve inputs that maintain an organ or body part are referred to as trophic [noun] in medical practice. Trophic describes the trophic condition of tissue. A diminished muscular trophic is designated as atrophy. Atrophy is the general physiological process of reabsorption and breakdown of tissues, involving apoptosis on a cellular level. When it occurs as a result of disease or loss of trophic support due to other disease, it is termed pathological atrophy, although it can be a part of normal body development and homeostasis as well.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.
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Translations for atrophy
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- атрофия, атрофирамBulgarian
- atròfia, atrofiarCatalan, Valencian
- zakrnění, zakrnětCzech
- Atrophie, absterbenGerman
- ατροφία, ατροφώ, μαραίνομαιGreek
- atrofia, atrofiarSpanish
- surkastua, surkastuneisuus, näivettyä, atrofiaFinnish
- atrophie, atrophierFrench
- atrofija, atrofuotis, atrofuotiLithuanian
- atrofiNorwegian Nynorsk
- atrofie, atrofiereRomanian
- atrofi, atrofieraSwedish
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