Definitions for arabinoseəˈræb əˌnoʊs
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word arabinose
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a white, crystalline solid, C5H10O5, used esp. as a culture medium in bacteriology.
Origin of arabinose:
1880–85; arabin the soluble essence of certain gums = ((gum) arab(ic)+ -in1) + -ose2
An aldopentose that occurs most often in polysaccharides such as hemicellulose and pectin.
a sugar of the composition C5H10O5, obtained from cherry gum by boiling it with dilute sulphuric acid
Arabinose is an aldopentose – a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group. For biosynthetic reasons, most saccharides are almost always more abundant in nature as the "D"-form, or structurally analogous to D-glyceraldehyde. However, L-arabinose is in fact more common than D-arabinose in nature and is found in nature as a component of biopolymers such as hemicellulose and pectin. The L-arabinose operon is a very important operon in molecular biology and bioengineering. A classic method for the organic synthesis of arabinose from glucose is the Wohl degradation.
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