Definitions for aoristˈeɪ ə rɪst
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a verb tense in some languages (classical Greek and Sanskrit) expressing action (especially past action) without indicating its completion or continuation
A verb in the aorist past, that is, in the past tense and the aorist aspect (the event described by the verb viewed as a completed whole). Also called the perfective past. The nearest equivalent in English is the simple past. The term aorist is used particularly often for verbs in Ancient and Modern Greek.
Of or pertaining to a verb in the aorist aspect.
the aorist stem of a verb
a tense in the Greek language, which expresses an action as completed in past time, but leaves it, in other respects, wholly indeterminate
Origin: [Gr. 'ao`ristos indefinite; 'a priv. + "ori`zein to define, boundary, limit.]
Aorist is a grammatical term used to denote particular verb forms in certain languages. It is used particularly with regard to Ancient Greek, and to certain other Indo-European languages such as Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit, Armenian and Slavic Macedonian, as well as languages influenced by the Indo-European tradition, such as Georgian. In these languages the aorist is usually a form that expresses perfective aspect and often refers to past events. It is thus comparable in meaning to what is called the preterite in grammars of some languages. The word comes from Ancient Greek ahóristos "indefinite", as the aorist was the unmarked form of the verb, and thus did not have the implications of the imperfective aspect, which referred to an ongoing or repeated situation, or the perfect, which referred to a situation with a continuing relevance; instead it described an action "pure and simple". Because the aorist was the unmarked aspect in Ancient Greek, the term is sometimes applied to unmarked verb forms in other languages, such as the habitual aspect in Turkish.
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