Definitions for antonymˈæn tə nɪm
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word antonym
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
an•to•nymˈæn tə nɪm(n.)
a word opposite in meaning to another: Fast is an antonym of slow.
Ref: Compare synonym (def. 1). 1
Origin of antonym:
1865–70; ant - + (syn )onym
antonym, opposite word, opposite(noun)
a word that expresses a meaning opposed to the meaning of another word, in which case the two words are antonyms of each other
"to him the antonym of `gay' was `depressed'"
A word which has the opposite meaning of another, although not necessarily in all its senses.
"rich" is an antonym of "poor"; "full" is an antonym of "empty".
Origin: circa 1870:
a word of opposite meaning; a counterterm; -- used as a correlative of synonym
In lexical semantics, opposites are words that lie in an inherently incompatible binary relationship as in the opposite pairs big : small, long : short, and precede : follow. The notion of incompatibility here refers to the fact that one word in an opposite pair entails that it is not the other pair member. For example, something that is long entails that it is not short. It is referred to as a 'binary' relationship because there are two members in a set of opposites. The relationship between opposites is known as opposition. A member of a pair of opposites can generally be determined by the question What is the opposite of X ? The term antonym is commonly taken to be synonymous with opposite, but antonym also has other more restricted meanings. Graded antonyms are word pairs whose meanings are opposite and which lie on a continuous spectrum. Complementary antonyms are word pairs whose meanings are opposite but whose meanings do not lie on a continuous spectrum. Relational antonyms are word pairs where opposite makes sense only in the context of the relationship between the two meanings. These more restricted meanings may not apply in all scholarly contexts, with Lyons defining antonym to mean gradable antonyms, and Crystal warns that antonymy and antonym should be regarded with care.
Translations for antonym
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a word opposite in meaning to another word
- كَلِمَة مُناقِضَه، ضِدArabic
- antônimoPortuguese (BR)
- das AntonymGerman
- αντώνυμο (γραμμ.)Greek
- מִילָה בְּמַשמָעוּת הָפוָּכהHebrew
- ellentétes értelmű szóHungarian
- lawan kataIndonesian
- perkataan berlawanMalay
- karşıt anlamlı sözcükTurkish
- 反義詞Chinese (Trad.)
- từ trái nghĩaVietnamese
- 反义词Chinese (Simp.)
Get even more translations for antonym »
Find a translation for the antonym definition in other languages:
Select another language: