Definitions for anthropologyˌæn θrəˈpɒl ə dʒi

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word anthropology

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

an•thro•pol•o•gyˌæn θrəˈpɒl ə dʒi(n.)

  1. the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind.

    Category: Anthropology

Origin of anthropology:

1585–95

an`thro•pol′o•gist(n.)

Princeton's WordNet

  1. anthropology(noun)

    the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings

Wiktionary

  1. anthropology(Noun)

    The holistic scientific and social study of humanity, mainly using ethnography as its method.

  2. Origin: From anthropo-, from ἄνθρωπος + -logy.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Anthropology(noun)

    the science of the structure and functions of the human body

  2. Anthropology(noun)

    the science of man; -- sometimes used in a limited sense to mean the study of man as an object of natural history, or as an animal

  3. Anthropology(noun)

    that manner of expression by which the inspired writers attribute human parts and passions to God

Freebase

  1. Anthropology

    Anthropology is the "science of humanity." It has origins in the humanities, the natural sciences, and the social sciences. The term "anthropology" is from the Greek anthrōpos, "man", understood to mean humankind or humanity, and -logia, "discourse" or "study." Since the work of Franz Boas and Bronisław Malinowski in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, anthropology has been distinguished from other social sciences by its emphasis on in-depth examination of context, cross-cultural comparisons, and the importance it places on participant-observation, or long-term, experiential immersion in the area of research. Cultural anthropology in particular has emphasized cultural relativism, holism, and the use of findings to frame cultural critiques. This has been particularly prominent in the United States, from Boas's arguments against 19th-century racial ideology, through Margaret Mead's advocacy for gender equality and sexual liberation, to current criticisms of post-colonial oppression and promotion of multiculturalism. Ethnography is one of its primary methods as well as the text that is generated from anthropological fieldwork. In the United States, the discipline is traditionally divided into four sub-fields: cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and biological anthropology. In Europe, the discipline originated as ethnology and was originally defined as the study of social organization in non-state societies. It was later renamed social anthropology. It is now sometimes referred to as sociocultural anthropology in most of Europe, the Commonwealth, and in the parts of the world that were influenced by the European tradition.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Anthropology

    the science of man as he exists or has existed under different physical and social conditions.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Anthropology

    The science devoted to the comparative study of man.


Translations for anthropology

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

anthropology(noun)

the study of human society, customs, beliefs etc.

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