Definitions for anthropologyˌæn θrəˈpɒl ə dʒi
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word anthropology
the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings
The science of man, including the study of the ditribution of physical and cultural attributes in relation to man's origin, location, history, and environment; -- sometimes used in a limited sense to mean the study of man as an object of natural history, or as an animal.
Origin: [Gr. 'a`nqrwpos man + -logy.]
The holistic scientific and social study of humanity, mainly using ethnography as its method.
Origin: From anthropo-, from ἄνθρωπος + -logy.
the science of the structure and functions of the human body
the science of man; -- sometimes used in a limited sense to mean the study of man as an object of natural history, or as an animal
that manner of expression by which the inspired writers attribute human parts and passions to God
Origin: [Gr. 'a`nqrwpos man + -logy.]
Anthropology is the "science of humanity." It has origins in the humanities, the natural sciences, and the social sciences. The term "anthropology" is from the Greek anthrōpos, "man", understood to mean humankind or humanity, and -logia, "discourse" or "study." Since the work of Franz Boas and Bronisław Malinowski in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, anthropology has been distinguished from other social sciences by its emphasis on in-depth examination of context, cross-cultural comparisons, and the importance it places on participant-observation, or long-term, experiential immersion in the area of research. Cultural anthropology in particular has emphasized cultural relativism, holism, and the use of findings to frame cultural critiques. This has been particularly prominent in the United States, from Boas's arguments against 19th-century racial ideology, through Margaret Mead's advocacy for gender equality and sexual liberation, to current criticisms of post-colonial oppression and promotion of multiculturalism. Ethnography is one of its primary methods as well as the text that is generated from anthropological fieldwork. In the United States, the discipline is traditionally divided into four sub-fields: cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and biological anthropology. In Europe, the discipline originated as ethnology and was originally defined as the study of social organization in non-state societies. It was later renamed social anthropology. It is now sometimes referred to as sociocultural anthropology in most of Europe, the Commonwealth, and in the parts of the world that were influenced by the European tradition.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
the science of man as he exists or has existed under different physical and social conditions.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
Images & Illustrations of anthropology
Translations for anthropology
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- antropologiaCatalan, Valencian
- corp-eòlas, daonn-eòlasScottish Gaelic
- नृविज्ञान, मानवशास्त्रHindi
- embertan, antropológiaHungarian
- inuup ineriartorneranik ilisimatusarneqKalaallisut, Greenlandic
- នរវិទ្យា, មនុស្សសាស្ត្រKhmer
- ಮಂದಿಯರಿಮೆ, ಮಾನವಶಾಸ್ತ್ರKannada
- 人類學, 인류학Korean
- mātauranga tikanga tangataMāori
- хүн судлалMongolian
- antropologi, kaji manusiaMalay
- bílaʼashdlaʼii dóó áłʼąą dineʼé naalkaahNavajo, Navaho
- antropologija, антропологијаSerbo-Croatian
- človekoslovje, antropologijaSlovene
- మానవ శాస్త్రముTelugu
- antropoloji, insanbilimTurkish
- nhân loại học, 人類學Vietnamese
Get even more translations for anthropology »
Find a translation for the anthropology definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these anthropology definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"anthropology." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 24 Nov. 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/anthropology>.